Anette Weyergang

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A photosensitizer is defined as a chemical entity, which upon absorption of light induces a chemical or physical alteration of another chemical entity. Some photosensitizers are utilized therapeutically such as in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and for diagnosis of cancer (fluorescence diagnosis, FD). PDT is approved for several cancer indications and FD has(More)
A successful cure of cancer by biopharmaceuticals with intracellular targets is dependent on both specific and sufficient delivery of the drug to the cytosol or nuclei of malignant cells. However, cytosolic delivery and efficacy of membrane-impermeable cancer therapeutics are often hampered by the sequestration and degradation of the drugs in the(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an anticancer therapy that utilizes the cytotoxic properties of a photosensitizer (PS) when combined with exposure to light. Photochemical internalization (PCI) is a drug delivery method for macromolecules based on PDT with endo-lysosomal localizing PSs, and synergistic effects can be obtained by PCI of EGFR targeting drugs. In(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeting has become a major field in both cancer research and therapy. In the present study an EGF-saporin affinity toxin has been established and evaluated in two EGFR overexpressing cancer cell lines. The binding of saporin to EGF did not influence the ribosome-inactivating activity of saporin as measured by a(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a selective treatment modality against cancer. PDT is based on the preferential retention of photosensitizers (PSs), in the tumour and subsequent light exposure which activates the PS and generates reactive oxygen species. Multimodality therapy is increasingly relevant in cancer treatment and PDT has been shown as an effective(More)
Photochemical internalization (PCI) is a novel technology of macromolecular delivery. By PCI, endocytosed membrane-impermeable therapeutic drugs are photochemically released from entrapment in endo-lysosomal compartments to the cytosol of target cells. In the present report, we describe the in vitro proof-of-concept for PCI of cetuximab-saporin, an(More)
BACKGROUND Photochemical internalization (PCI) is a modality for cytosolic release of drugs trapped in endocytic vesicles. The method is based upon photosensitizers localized in the membranes of endocytic vesicles which create membrane rupture upon light exposure by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS), predominantly singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)). METHODS(More)
Photochemical internalization (PCI) is a novel technology for release of endocytosed macromolecules into the cytosol. The technology is based on the use of photosensitizers located in endocytic vesicles. Upon activation by light such photosensitizers induce a release of macromolecules from their compartmentalization in endocytic vesicles. PCI has been shown(More)
A wide range of anti-cancer drugs are substrates of the ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCG2/CD338/BCRP/MXR, which is thought to play an important role in multi-drug resistance (MDR) and protection of cancer stem cells (CSC) against chemotherapeutics and photodynamic therapy (PDT). Hence, it is of importance to develop drugs that are not substrates of(More)
Photochemical internalization (PCI) is a method for intracellular delivery of hydrophilic macromolecular drugs with intracellular targets as well as other drugs with limited ability to penetrate cellular membranes. Such drugs enter cells by means of endocytosis and are to a large extent degraded by hydrolytic enzymes in the lysosomes unless they possess a(More)