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The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is a model system for studying innate immunity, including antiviral host defense. Infection with drosophila C virus triggers a transcriptional response that is dependent in part on the Jak kinase Hopscotch. Here we show that successful infection and killing of drosophila with the insect nodavirus flock house virus was(More)
Borna disease virus (BDV) is a nonsegmented, negative-strand RNA virus related to rhabdoviruses and paramyxoviruses. Unlike animal viruses of these two families, BDV transcribes RNAs in the nuclei of infected cells and produces high levels of transcripts containing multiple open reading frames. Previous Northern blot analysis of RNA from BDV-infected rat(More)
Betanodaviruses are causative agents of neurological disorders in several species of fish. We cloned and sequenced the RNA2 segment of two grouper viruses isolated from Epinephelus malabaricus (malabaricus grouper nervous necrosis virus, MGNNV) and Epinephelus lanceolatus (dragon grouper nervous necrosis virus, DGNNV). The sequences of the two RNAs were 99%(More)
The assembly and maturation of the coat protein of a T=4, nonenveloped, single-stranded RNA virus, Nudaurelia capensis omega virus (N omega V), was examined by using a recombinant baculovirus expression system. At pH 7.6, the coat protein assembles into a stable particle called the procapsid, which is 450 A in diameter and porous. Lowering the pH to 5.0(More)
Flock house virus (FHV) is a small icosahedral insect virus of the family Nodaviridae. Its genome consists of two positive-sense RNA molecules, RNA1 (replicase gene) and RNA2 (coat protein gene), which are encapsidated into a single virion. Expression of coat protein in Sf21 cells using a baculovirus vector results in formation of virus-like particles(More)
Borna disease virus is a neurotropic negative-strand RNA virus that infects a wide range of vertebrate hosts, causing disturbances in movement and behavior. We have cloned and sequenced the 8910-nucleotide viral genome by using RNA from Borna disease virus particles. The viral genome has complementary 3' and 5' termini and contains antisense information for(More)
As a counter-defense against antiviral RNA silencing during infection, the insect Flock House virus (FHV) expresses the silencing suppressor protein B2. Biochemical experiments show that B2 binds to double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) without regard to length and inhibits cleavage of dsRNA by Dicer in vitro. A cocrystal structure reveals that a B2 dimer forms a(More)
Flock house virus (FHV) is a small icosahedral insect virus with a bipartite, messenger-sense RNA genome. Its T=3 icosahedral capsid is initially assembled from 180 subunits of a single type of coat protein, capsid precursor protein alpha (407 amino acids). Following assembly, the precursor particles undergo a maturation step in which the alpha subunits(More)
Flock house virus (FHV), a member of the family Nodaviridae, is a nonenveloped, icosahedral insect virus whose capsids are assembled from 180 copies of a single type of coat protein. The viral genome is split between two segments of single-stranded positive-sense RNA, RNA1 and RNA2, which are packaged into a single virion. We previously demonstrated that(More)
Betanodaviruses are causative agents of viral nervous necrosis (VNN), a devastating disease of cultured marine fish worldwide. Virus particles contain a single type of coat protein that spontaneously assembles into virus-like particles (VLPs) when expressed in a baculovirus expression system. In the present study, the immunogenicity of betanodavirus VLPs(More)