Anette Sandström

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OBJECTIVE To study different nutrients and food additives as risk factors for insulin dependent diabetes mellitus in childhood. DESIGN Prospective case-control study. Parents of the children being studied were asked to fill in a questionnaire regarding the children's frequency of consumption of various foods. Parents of children with diabetes were asked(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess recent maternal mortality in Sweden according to the different definitions of the eighth, ninth, and tenth editions of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). METHODS All maternal deaths in Sweden during 1980-1988 were sought in the Medical Birth Registry and in the Registers of Births and Deaths. Hospital records and(More)
In order to estimate hospital HIV prevalence, the economic impact of AIDS on health care and to assess the implications of HIV testing on clinical suspicion of AIDS this hospital based study was done at the government regional hospital of Kagera, Tanzania. Consecutive admissions were recruited into the study, and those consenting had a blood specimen taken,(More)
All newly diagnosed cases of diabetes mellitus aged 15-34 years in Sweden, where the population in this age interval is about 2.3 million, were registered on standardized forms. During 1983, the first year of the study, there were 311 males and 161 females, excluding 280 with gestational diabetes. The annual incidence of diabetes was 26.2 per 100,000 in(More)
Ten study populations sampled from a total of 86 communities in a rural Ethiopian area, have been registered and followed for a period of four years. A baseline census revealed a median age of 15 years, a literacy rate of 24%, poor housing and environmental conditions, and low utilization of the existing health care facilities. A surveillance system was(More)
Cardiopulmonary diseases are major causes of death worldwide, but currently recommended strategies for diagnosis and prevention may be outdated because of recent changes in risk factor patterns. The Swedish CArdioPulmonarybioImage Study (SCAPIS) combines the use of new imaging technologies, advances in large-scale 'omics' and epidemiological analyses to(More)
Cancer incidence was analysed in a retrospective cohort of 3710 male Swedish smelter workers between 1958 and 1982 using a record linkage with the Swedish Cancer Register. During this period 467 cancers were registered in the cohort. An excess incidence of total cancer of about 30% was shown relative to general and local populations mainly due to 120(More)
A population-based survey was carried out in the Kagera region of the United Republic of Tanzania in 1987 to determine the magnitude of HIV-1 infection and to study associated risk factors. The region was divided into one urban and three rural zones. A multistage cluster sampling technique was adopted. Antibodies to HIV-1 were determined by enzyme-linked(More)
A pilot study on acceptability of voluntary HIV testing with counselling was performed in a rural village in Kagera, Tanzania as a potential intervention against HIV transmission. Village residents were prepared by their leaders and subsequently invited to health education group meetings to volunteer for the test. Consenting individuals were interviewed to(More)
In Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 200 children with severe malnutrition and controls matched for age, sex, and area of residence were screened for serological evidence of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) over 5 months in 1988. The prevalence of HIV-1 antibodies in the malnourished group was 25.5% (51 of 200) compared with 1.5% (three(More)