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A population-based survey was carried out in the Kagera region of the United Republic of Tanzania in 1987 to determine the magnitude of HIV-1 infection and to study associated risk factors. The region was divided into one urban and three rural zones. A multistage cluster sampling technique was adopted. Antibodies to HIV-1 were determined by enzyme-linked(More)
OBJECTIVE To study different nutrients and food additives as risk factors for insulin dependent diabetes mellitus in childhood. DESIGN Prospective case-control study. Parents of the children being studied were asked to fill in a questionnaire regarding the children's frequency of consumption of various foods. Parents of children with diabetes were asked(More)
This study is part of a collaborative study of HIV infection and AIDS which was launched in 1987 in the Kagera region, Tanzania. This region is characterized as one of the areas most affected by the AIDS epidemic. In order to describe and analyse the epidemiology of HIV infection in the area and also to contribute to the intervention process, a long-term(More)
From July 1, 1977 to July 1, 1986, 3,503 incident cases of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus were registered in the Swedish childhood diabetes study. Using data from this register and from a case-referent study, including all incident Type 1 diabetic children in Sweden during one year and, for each patient, two referent children matched according(More)
In Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 200 children with severe malnutrition and controls matched for age, sex, and area of residence were screened for serological evidence of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) over 5 months in 1988. The prevalence of HIV-1 antibodies in the malnourished group was 25.5% (51 of 200) compared with 1.5% (three(More)
A total of 492 deaths of children below 5 years of age were registered during a 2-year period of demographic surveillance in a rural population of Ethiopia, where an epidemiologic study base population of 28,780 individuals was established in 1987. Data were collected by lay-reporters using a verbal autopsy method. The under-five cumulative mortality rate(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess recent maternal mortality in Sweden according to the different definitions of the eighth, ninth, and tenth editions of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). METHODS All maternal deaths in Sweden during 1980-1988 were sought in the Medical Birth Registry and in the Registers of Births and Deaths. Hospital records and(More)
Cancer incidence was analysed in a retrospective cohort of 3710 male Swedish smelter workers between 1958 and 1982 using a record linkage with the Swedish Cancer Register. During this period 467 cancers were registered in the cohort. An excess incidence of total cancer of about 30% was shown relative to general and local populations mainly due to 120(More)
Using the Swedish childhood diabetes register, a nationwide, case-referent study was performed from September 1, 1985 to August 31, 1986. Based on the information from a mailed questionnaire sent to all incident diabetic children and for each diabetic child - two referent children matched according to age, sex, and county, we have analysed perinatal events(More)
The associations between under-5 mortality and its health and behavioural determinants were investigated in a rural district of Ethiopia, by means of a concurrent case-referent technique nested within a study-base population established in 1987. Three-hundred and six infant and child deaths registered over a period of 1 year, were contrasted with 612(More)