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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Treatment of congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) and steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is demanding, and renal prognosis is poor. Numerous causative gene mutations have been identified in SRNS that affect the renal podocyte. In the era of high-throughput sequencing techniques, patients with nongenetic SRNS frequently(More)
Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid artery distensibility are reliable screening methods for vascular alterations and the assessment of cardiovascular risk in adult and pediatric cohorts. We sought to establish an international reference data set for the childhood and adolescence period and explore the impact of developmental changes in body(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome is a rare kidney disease involving either immune-mediated or genetic alterations of podocyte structure and function. The rare nature, heterogeneity, and slow evolution of the disorder are major obstacles to systematic genotype-phenotype, intervention, and outcome studies, hampering the(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic antibody-mediated rejection (CAMR) of renal allografts has recently been recognized as a defined nosologic entity. The outcome of CAMR is poor; there is no established treatment protocol for this condition. We therefore initiated a pilot study on treatment of CAMR with an antihumoral regimen consisting of high-dose intravenous(More)
The histology and function of the kidney deteriorates with age and age-related diseases, but the mechanisms involved in renal aging are not known. In vitro studies suggest that telomere shortening is important in replicative senescence, and is accelerated by stresses that increase replication. This study explored the relationship between age and telomere(More)
Chronic rejection or chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) is the major cause of failure of kidney transplants other than patient death, and has been extensively reviewed (1–5). CAN is characterized by functional impairment with nonspecific pathology: tubular atrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and fibrous intimal thickening (FIT) in the arteries, with variable(More)
It has long been suspected that pentachlorophenol (PCP) exerts a damaging influence on the immune system. In this study, the possible relationship between blood levels of PCP and immune function was studied in 190 patients who had been exposed for more than 6 mo to PCP-containing pesticides. The patients suffered from frequent respiratory infections and(More)
BACKGROUND Somatic cells in vitro have a finite life expectancy before entering a state of senescence. If this state has an in vivo counterpart, it could contribute to organ aging. We have previously shown that human kidney cortex displays telomere shortening with age. In the present study, we evaluated the relationship between renal age in humans and a(More)
Genetic screening paradigms for congenital and infantile nephrotic syndrome are well established; however, screening in adolescents has received only minor attention. To help rectify this, we analyzed an unselected adolescent cohort of the international PodoNet registry to develop a rational screening approach based on 227 patients with nonsyndromic(More)
Evidence suggests that autophagy promotes the development of cellular senescence. Because cellular senescence contributes to renal aging and promotes the progression from AKI to CKD, we investigated the potential effect of tubular autophagy on senescence induction. Compared with kidneys from control mice, kidneys from mice with conditional deletion of(More)