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OBJECTIVE To investigate the rate of seropositivity of anti-JC virus (JCV) antibodies in a German multiple sclerosis (MS) cohort treated with natalizumab in the postmarketing setting and to assess anti-JCV serostatus in samples obtained before diagnosis of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). METHODS This was a blinded, retrospective(More)
Evidence that leptin plays an important role in reproductive function is accumulating rapidly. We hypothesized that low leptin synthesis is associated with amenorrhea. We therefore determined serum leptin levels in 43 underweight female students, who were screened for lifetime occurrence of amenorrhea. We assessed the predictive value of leptin, body mass(More)
Seasonal variations are rarely considered a contributing component to human tissue function or health, although many diseases and physiological process display annual periodicities. Here we find more than 4,000 protein-coding mRNAs in white blood cells and adipose tissue to have seasonal expression profiles, with inverted patterns observed between Europe(More)
The authors report a German family with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia tightly linked to the spinocerebellar ataxia type 5 (SCA5) locus (multipoint lod score 5.76). The phenotype is characterized by a purely cerebellar syndrome with a downbeat nystagmus occurring prior to the development of other features. Imaging studies demonstrated cortical(More)
Dyslexia is characterized as a significant impairment in reading and spelling ability that cannot be explained by low intelligence, low school attendance or deficits in sensory acuity. It is known to be a hereditary disorder that affects about 5% of school aged children, making it the most common of childhood learning disorders. Several susceptibility loci(More)
CONTEXT Dietary factors modifying type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) risk have been proposed, but little is known if they trigger the islet autoimmunity that precedes clinical disease. OBJECTIVE To determine whether breastfeeding duration, food supplementation, or age at introduction of gluten-containing foods influences the risk of developing islet(More)
Semi-starvation induced hyperactivity (SIH) occurs in rodents upon caloric restriction. We hypothesized that SIH is triggered by the decline in leptin secretion associated with food restriction. To test this hypothesis, rats, which had established a stable level of activity, were treated with leptin or vehicle via implanted minipumps concomitantly to(More)
Serotonin is a neurotransmitter involved in a large number of psychophysiological processes including the regulation of mood, arousal, aggression, sleep, learning, nociceptions, nerve growth and importantly, appetitive functions. Alterations of 5-HT receptor activity have been shown to occur in many psychiatric diseases including depression, anxiety, eating(More)