Anett Unbehaun

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Ascorbic acid has been shown to stimulate endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in a time- and concentration-dependent fashion without affecting NO synthase (NOS) expression or l-arginine uptake. The present study investigates if the underlying mechanism is related to the NOS cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin. Pretreatment of human umbilical vein endothelial(More)
The universally conserved eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 5B, a translational GTPase, is essential for canonical translation initiation. It is also required for initiation facilitated by the internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA. eIF5B promotes joining of 60S ribosomal subunits to 40S ribosomal subunits bound by initiator(More)
Hypochlorous acid/hypochlorite, generated by the myeloperoxidase/H(2)O(2)/halide system of activated phagocytes, has been shown to oxidize/modify low density lipoprotein (LDL) in vitro and may be involved in the formation of atherogenic lipoproteins in vivo. Accordingly, hypochlorite-modified (lipo)proteins have been detected in human atherosclerotic(More)
The gastrointestinal tract represents a major site for human and simian immunodeficiency virus (HIV and SIV) replication and CD4(+) T-cell depletion. Despite severe depletion of mucosal CD4(+) T cells, FOXP3(+) regulatory CD4(+) T cells (T(reg)) are highly increased in the gut mucosa of chronically HIV-infected individuals and may contribute to HIV(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) Binding Protein (LBP) is an acute phase protein with the ability to recognize bacterial LPS and transport it to the CD14 molecule or into HDL particles. It is synthesized in hepatocytes and secreted into the blood stream. LBP levels significantly rise during the acute phase response and levels of LBP may be important for an(More)
Internal initiation is a 5'-end-independent mode of translation initiation engaged by many virus- and putatively some cell-encoded templates. Internal initiation is facilitated by specific RNA tertiary folds, called internal ribosomal entry sites (IRESs), in the 5' untranslated region (UTR) of the respective transcripts. In this review we discuss recent(More)
Acute-phase reactants (APRs) are proteins synthesized in the liver following induction by interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, and glucocorticoids, involving transcriptional gene activation. Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) is a recently identified hepatic secretory protein potentially involved in the pathogenesis of sepsis, capable of binding the bacterial(More)
The lipopolysaccharide binding protein (BLP) is of major importance for endotoxin recognition, presentation and subsequent cytokine induction in immune cells. As a member of a growing family of structurally and functionally related proteins, LBP is synthesized in hepatocytes and constitutively secreted into the bloodstream. During the acute-phase response,(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 (HIV-1) assays applying nucleic acid testing (NAT) rely on HIV-1 sequence-specific primers and probes. Their hybridization can be limited or abolished by genetic polymorphisms occurring in the target sequence. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Blood donations are routinely tested for HIV-1/2 antibodies and for HIV-1(More)
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