Anett Jannasch

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Coronary blood flow is tightly adjusted to the oxygen requirements of the myocardium. The underlying control mechanisms keep coronary venous pO(2) at a rather constant level around 20mm Hg under a variety of physiological conditions. Because coronary flow may increase more than 5-fold during exercise without any signs of under- or overperfusion, coronary(More)
Valvular interstitial cells (VICs), the fibroblast-like cellular constituents of aortic heart valves, maintain structural integrity of valve tissue. Activation into contractile myofibroblasts occurs under pathological situations and under standard cell culture conditions of isolated VICs. Reversal of this phenotype switch would be of major importance in(More)
AIMS Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has emerged as a potent bioactive lipid with multiple functions in cardiovascular pathophysiology. Potential roles of S1P in heart valve diseases and expression of relevant receptors (S1P1, S1P2, or S1P3) in valve tissue and in valvular interstitial cells (VICs), the major cell population with essential functions in(More)
Plasma aldosterone is elevated in type 2 diabetes and obesity in experimental and clinical studies and can act to inhibit both glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by the β-cell and insulin signaling. Currently mineralocorticoid receptor antagonism is the best characterized treatment to ameliorate aldosterone-mediated effects. A second alternative is(More)
Degenerative heart valve disease is a life-threatening disease affecting about 3% of the population over 65 years. Up to date, cardiac surgery with heart valve replacement is the only available therapy. The disease is characterized by degenerative disorganization of the heart valve structure and alterations in the residing cell populations. Causes and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Aortic valve (AV) stenosis is the most common valvular heart disease with an incidence of 3% for people ≥ 65years in the industrialized world with indication for a surgical or transcatheter valve replacement. Researchers suppose osteogenic processes as key mechanisms in calcific aortic valve stenosis. Recently, Torre et al.(More)
Inhibition of aldosterone synthase is an alternative treatment option to mineralocorticoid receptor antagonism to prevent harmful aldosterone actions. FAD286 is one of the best characterized aldosterone synthase inhibitors to date. FAD286 improves glucose tolerance and increases glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in obese and diabetic ZDF rats. However,(More)
The heart and its mechanical components, especially the heart valves and leaflets, are under enormous strain and undergo fatigue, which impinge upon cardiac output. The knowledge about changes of the dynamic behavior and the possibility of early stage diagnosis could lead to the development of new treatment strategies. Animal models are suited for the(More)
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