Learn More
Previous studies have revealed that autism may arise as the result of exposure to high concentrations of prenatal testosterone. Ratio of second and fourth digits (2D:4D) is usually used as a proxy for prenatal testosterone. In this study, 2D:4D in 56 boys with ASD and in 32 control boys was measured. We found that the 2D:4D in ASD boys were lower than the(More)
Autism is one of the most genetically influenced neuropsychiatric disorders. However, its detailed genetic basis is far from being clear. Genome-wide association studies have revealed a number of candidate genes, mostly related to synaptogenesis and various neuroendocrine pathways. In our study we have focused on oxytocin (OT), oxytocin receptor (OXTR),(More)
Testosterone was shown to organize brain and modulate cognitive functions. It is currently unknown whether mental rotation is also associated with prenatal testosterone exposure and testosterone-related genetic polymorphisms. The aim of our study was to analyze associations between mental rotation performance, the actual testosterone levels, the prenatal(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxytocin (OT) has been implicated to play an important role in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) etiology. We aimed to find out the differences in plasma OT levels between children with autism and healthy children, the associations of OT levels with particular autism symptoms and the associations of particular parental autistic traits with their ASD(More)
Testosterone level has an influence on cognitive functions, especially spatial abilities. The relationship is, however, bidirectional and brain activity also affects testosterone levels. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of an intensive 3D mental rotation task on testosterone levels in young healthy men and women. In the mental rotation task,(More)
Androgens modulate brain functions such as cognition, emotions and ability. Several studies have shown a correlation between testosterone levels and mental rotation. The aim of the present study was to confirm the influence of salivary testosterone levels, 2D/4D ratio (such as a putative marker of prenatal testosterone), and sensitivity of androgen receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Reelin plays an important role in the regulation of synaptic plasticity in adulthood. Administration of 5-metoxytryptamine (5MT), an agonist of serotonin receptors, during natal and neonatal periods results in decreased reelin expression. In adulthood, reelin is expressed by GABAergic neurons. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to reveal(More)
INTRODUCTION Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and hyperactivity symptoms exhibit an incidence that is male-biased. Thus androgen activity can be considered a plausible biological risk factor for these disorders. However, there is insufficient information about the association between increased androgen activity and hyperactivity symptoms in children with(More)
OBJECTIVES: Autism is the most genetically influenced neuropsychiatric disorder with unknown etiology. Reelin, one of the autism candidate genes plays a major role in neuronal migration during neurodevelopment and in regulation of synaptic plasticity in postnatal period. Autistic patients have decreased levels of reelin in plasma and frontal and cerebel-lar(More)
  • 1