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STUDY OBJECTIVES Sleep has been hypothesized to globally reduce synaptic strength. However, recent findings suggest that in the context of learning and memory consolidation, sleep may promote synaptic potentiation. We tested the requirement for sleep in a naturally occurring form of experience-dependent synaptic potentiation in the adult mouse visual cortex(More)
The objective of this preliminary study was to examine the possible contribution of disordered control of motor unit (MU) recruitment and firing patterns in muscle weakness post-stroke. A novel surface EMG (sEMG) recording and decomposition system was used to record sEMG signals and extract single MU activities from the first dorsal interosseous muscle(More)
Prophylactic insulin therapy prevents IDDM in spontaneous animal models of the disease and has shown promise in preventing the disease in humans. Although large clinical trials have been formed to use this therapy, a comparative analysis of the efficiency of different pharmaceutical forms and doses of insulin in preventing IDDM has not been performed, and(More)
We introduce a new method to examine the spinal motoneuron involvement after stroke using a surface electromyography (EMG) recording system. Fourteen chronic stroke survivors with mild to severe muscle weakness participated in the study. Surface EMG signals were collected from the first dorsal interosseous muscle while subjects performed isometric index(More)
Hemispheric brain injury resulting from a stroke is often accompanied by muscle weakness in limbs contralateral to the lesion. In the present study, we investigated whether weakness in contralesional hand muscle in stroke survivors is partially attributable to alterations in motor unit activation, including alterations in firing rate modulation range. The(More)
The orientation of edges indented into the skin has been shown to be encoded in the responses of neurons in primary somatosensory cortex in a manner that draws remarkable analogies to their counterparts in primary visual cortex. According to the classical view, orientation tuning arises from the integration of untuned input from thalamic neurons with(More)
OBJECTIVE The advancement of surface electromyogram (sEMG) recording and signal processing techniques has allowed us to characterize the recruitment properties of a substantial population of motor units (MUs) non-invasively. Here we seek to determine whether MU recruitment properties are modified in paretic muscles of hemispheric stroke survivors. (More)
The after hyperpolarization (AHP) of a motoneuron is a primary determinant of motoneuron firing rate. Any increase in its duration or amplitude could alter normal motor unit (MU) firing rate properties in stroke, and potentially impact muscle force generation. The objective of this preliminary study was to examine potential differences in(More)
We examined surface electromyogram (EMG) characteristics during voluntary isometric activation of the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscle in stroke survivors. Five stroke subjects participated in the study. They were instructed to generate isometric contraction at different force levels. The recording was performed in both paretic and contralateral(More)
The objective of this design project was to create a device to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV through breast milk in preterm infants. Our team created a robust and intuitive device which utilizes Flash Heat Treatment (FHT), an established method to inactivate HIV. The FHT method heats jarred breast milk in boiling water for a short(More)