Aneesh Bhim Singhal

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Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromes (RCVS) comprise a group of diverse conditions, all characterized by reversible multifocal narrowing of the cerebral arteries heralded by sudden (thunderclap), severe headaches with or without associated neurologic deficits. Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromes are clinically important because they(More)
Meaningful progress in our understanding and clinical approach to primary angiitis of the CNS (PACNS) has been made in the past three decades. Increased recognition of PACNS and general advances in diagnosis of neurological disorders have led to an aggressive diagnostic approach and a proliferation of case reports providing enriched clinical and(More)
The pattern and role of brain plasticity in stroke recovery has been incompletely characterized. Both ipsilesional and contralesional changes have been described, but it remains unclear how these relate to functional recovery. Our goal was to correlate brain activation patterns with tissue damage, hemodynamics, and neurologic status after temporary stroke,(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the clinical, laboratory, and imaging features of patients with reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromes evaluated at 2 academic centers, compare subgroups, and investigate treatment effects. DESIGN Retrospective analysis. SETTING Massachusetts General Hospital (n = 84) or Cleveland Clinic (n = 55). PATIENTS One hundred(More)
A major limitation in thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke is the restricted time window for safe and effective therapy. Any method that can extend the reperfusion time window would be important. In this study, we show that normobaric hyperoxia extends the time window for effective reperfusion from 1 to 3 hours in rats subjected to focal cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In acute stroke patients, the presence of a hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign on unenhanced CT is a specific but insensitive indicator of acute thrombosis. Our purpose was to determine whether the hyperdense basilar artery (HDBA) sign has utility in detecting thrombosis and predicting outcome in patients presenting with signs and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The role of noninvasive methods in the evaluation of collateral circulation has yet to be defined. We hypothesized that a favorable pattern of leptomeningeal collaterals, as identified by CT angiography, correlates with improved outcomes. METHODS Data from a prospective cohort study at 2 university-based hospitals where CT(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although infective endocarditis (IE) and nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) are associated with cardioembolic stroke, differences in the nature of these conditions may result in differences in associated stroke patterns. We compared patterns of acute and recurrent ischemic stroke in IE and NBTE, using diffusion-weighted MRI(More)
BACKGROUND Postpartum angiopathy (PPA) is a cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome of uncertain cause that affects large and medium-sized cerebral arteries. Postpartum angiopathy is frequently complicated by ischemic stroke. The reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is a distinct clinical-radiological entity characterized by transient(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Therapies that transiently prevent ischemic neuronal death can potentially extend therapeutic time windows for stroke thrombolysis. We conducted a pilot study to investigate the effects of high-flow oxygen in acute ischemic stroke. METHODS We randomized patients with acute stroke (<12 hours) and perfusion-diffusion "mismatch" on(More)