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BACKGROUND Classically protein kinase A (PKA) and transcription factor activator protein 1 (AP-1) mediate the cyclic AMP (cAMP) induced-corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) expression in the placenta. However enteric Gram (-) bacterial cell wall component lipopolysaccharide (LPS) may also induce-CRH expression via Toll like receptor (TLR)4 and its adaptor(More)
OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that intrauterine infection may lead to placental corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) expression via Toll-like receptor signaling. STUDY DESIGN To test this hypothesis JEG3 cells were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), chlamydial heat shock protein 60, and interleukin (IL)-1. CRH expression was assessed by reverse(More)
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is one of the leading causes of neonatal infection; however the molecular mechanisms involved are not clearly known. Here we used high and low hemolytic GBS isolates and mutant GBS that lacks beta-hemolysin expression and showed that GBS infection or exposure to GBS hemolysin extract induces primary human trophoblast, placental(More)
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