Learn More
A case control study of a defined population from The Netherlands was performed to evaluate the risk of femur fractures associated with the use of thiazide diuretics. Included were 386 patients hospitalized for femur fractures between 1986 and 1990 who were residents and 45 years of age and older. Per case, one age-, sex-, pharmacy-, and general(More)
BACKGROUND Although acute urinary tract infections are common in young women, the associated risk factors have not been defined prospectively. METHODS We recruited sexually active young women who were starting a new method of contraception at a university health center or a health maintenance organization (HMO) and monitored them for six months for(More)
BACKGROUND Chlamydia trachomatis is a frequent cause of pelvic inflammatory disease. However, there is little information from clinical studies about whether screening women for cervical chlamydial infection can reduce the incidence of this serious illness. METHODS We conducted a randomized, controlled trial to determine whether selective testing for(More)
The authors determined the prevalence of certain major congenital disorders among live-born infants of 6509 mothers in a prepaid health plan for the 30-month period of January 1, 1980 through June 30, 1982 who used a wide variety of drugs during the first trimester of pregnancy. The results were similar to those obtained in this population in a prior(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated changes in oral diabetes mellitus medication adherence and persistence, as well as glycemic control for the year prior to breast cancer (BC) diagnosis (Year -1), during BC treatment, and in subsequent years. METHODS Cohort study of 4216 women diagnosed with incident early stage (I and II) invasive BC from 1990-2008, enrolled in(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of a financial incentive on the number and types of cognitive services (CS) provided by community pharmacies to Medicaid recipients in the State of Washington. DESIGN Prospective randomized trial. CS were reported using a problem-intervention-result coding system over a 20-month period. SETTING AND SUBJECTS Pharmacists(More)
BACKGROUND Lower-income countries face severe health worker shortages. Recent evidence suggests that this problem can be mitigated by task-shifting--delegation of aspects of health care to less specialized health workers. We estimated the potential impact of task-shifting on costs of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and physician supply in Uganda. The study was(More)
BACKGROUND The demand for induced abortions in Uganda is high despite legal and moral proscriptions. Abortion seekers usually go to illegal, hidden clinics where procedures are performed in unhygienic environments by under-trained practitioners. These abortions, which are usually unsafe, lead to a high rate of severe complications and use of substantial,(More)
In a population-based study of ectopic pregnancy, a card-back system of initial subject contact yielded a positive response from 85.1% of potential cases and 65.0% of potential controls. We subsequently recontacted by telephone potential controls who had declined to participate and offered them $10 compensation for participation. We recontacted 205 of the(More)
The authors used cell cultures to assess the prevalence of cervical infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis in a population-based sample of nonpregnant women aged 15 to 34 years who attended two primary care clinics at Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Seattle, Washington, between January 1, 1988, and June 30, 1989. C. trachomatis was isolated from(More)