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OBJECTIVE To estimate the lost investment of domestically educated doctors migrating from sub-Saharan African countries to Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. DESIGN Human capital cost analysis using publicly accessible data. SETTINGS Sub-Saharan African countries. PARTICIPANTS Nine sub-Saharan African countries with an HIV(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested that failing nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based regimens may have greater potential to induce the development of resistance mutations, which may limit options for second-line therapy. METHODS Antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve individuals aged ≥18 years who initiated triple combination ART(More)
The increased longevity afforded by combination antiretroviral therapy in developed countries has led to an increased concern regarding senescence-related diseases in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Previous epidemiologic analyses have demonstrated an increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, as well as a(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated treatment satisfaction, gastrointestinal tolerability, depressive symptoms and alterations in laboratory parameters before and after switching from ritonavir capsule to tablet formulation. METHODS HIV+ adults switching from ritonavir capsules to tablets were eligible for the study. The HIV Treatment Satisfaction(More)
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