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Plague, a zoonosis caused by Yersinia pestis, is found in Asia, the Americas but mainly in Africa, with the island of Madagascar reporting almost one third of human cases worldwide. In the highlands of Madagascar, plague is transmitted predominantly by two flea species which coexist on the island, but differ in their distribution. The endemic flea,(More)
computational resources as well as appropriate degrees of integration and specialization in the climate impacts research community. C LIMATE IMPACTS. Atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous-oxide are now substantially higher than they have been for hundreds of thousands of years (Spahni et al. 2005; Siegenthaler et al. 2005) and(More)
/e fully defines physical geography by offering the latest science in an Earth systems organization. With its detailed remote sensing imagery, excellent cartography, and photography along side a student-friendly technology package, the book offers a one-of-a-kind study of Physical Geography. Using the latest in satellite imagery and current statistical(More)
BACKGROUND Plague, a zoonosis caused by Yersinia pestis, is found in Asia and the Americas, but predominantly in Africa, with the island of Madagascar reporting almost one third of human cases worldwide. Plague's occurrence is affected by local climate factors which in turn are influenced by large-scale climate phenomena such as the El Niño Southern(More)
Rift Valley fever is an emerging mosquito-borne disease that represents a threat to human and animal health. The exophilic and exophagic behavior of the two main vector in West Africa (Aedes vexans and Culex poicilipes), adverse events post-vaccination, and lack of treatment, render ineffective the disease control. Therefore it is essential to develop an(More)
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