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Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) is a biological mediator in human lungs and can be measured easily in exhaled air. Increasing eNO concentrations after specific inhalation testing (SIT) have been described for subjects with occupational asthma. Nevertheless, interpreting eNO concentrations after SIT is still a challenge because eNO concentrations depend on(More)
This study’s objective was to investigate if an individual’s memory retention improved while listening to music with a controlled tempo. A memory retention test was run by allowing the participant to partake in an online pattern-recall exercise. The test began at level one and the participant’s score was based on the highest level achieved. While the(More)
The association between exposure to welding fume and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been insufficiently clarified. In this study we assessed the influence of exposure to welding fume on lung function parameters. We investigated forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV1/FVC, and expiratory flow rates in 219(More)
gegeben, welche mit allen verffigbaren Daten in gutem Einklang steht. Es kommt uns nnn vor, dab anch die neuen experimentelten Ergebnisse MEYERHOFS vorzfiglich mit unserer Auffassung fibereinstimmen. Dies m6ge folgenderweise erl~utert werden. ~vV~hrend wir ganz die Ansicht MEYERHOFS teilen n16chten, dab es in der intakten Here oder im intakten ruhenden(More)
ordnet mathematisch äquivalenten DAGs denselben Score zu [ 1 , 3 ] . Die Wahl eines geeigneten Scores ist abhängig von der Verteilung der Variablen. Im folgenden Anwendungsbeispiel, der Humanstudie Bitumen, verwenden wir das Baye sian information criterion (BIC) [ 4 ] , welches für diskrete Variablen geeignet ist und die oben genannten Anforderungen an(More)
We develop a general method to solve models of interactions between multiple and possibly strategic agents. Our model explains apparently irrational or biased behaviors in a person. We argue that these actions could result from several rational structures having different goals. Our main example is a model of three agents, “conscious”, “unconscious”, and(More)
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