Andy J Baxter

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Squalestatin 1 is a member of a novel family of fermentation products isolated from a previously unknown Phoma species (Coelomycetes). Squalestatin 1 is a potent, selective inhibitor of squalene synthase, a key enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis; in vitro, 50% inhibition of enzyme activity is observed at a concentration of 12 +/- 5 nM (range of 4-22 nM).(More)
We report the selection and characterization of influenza A/NWS-G70c and B/HK/8/73 (HG) viruses which are resistant to the potent influenza neuraminidase inhibitor, 4-guanidino-Neu5Ac2en. Viruses were selected which replicated in MDCK cells in the presence of 20 micrograms/ml inhibitor. The neuraminidase of resistant viruses was > 200-fold more resistant to(More)
Methyl 2,5-dimethyl-4-[2-(phenylmethyl)benzoyl]-1H-pyrrole-3-carboxylate, FPL 64176 (1), is the first example of a new class of calcium channel activator (CCA) that does not act on any of the well-defined calcium channel modulator receptor sites, as typified by verapamil, diltiazem, and the dihydropyridines. The potent activity of 1, having the(More)
Celecoxib (CE) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is a specific inhibitor of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2). It is indicated for a variety of chronic inflammatory conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis. Over the last few years, adverse cardiovascular effects and increased risk for heart attacks have been associated with this drug. In(More)
A simple assay for the determination of sialyltransferase activity is described. The method involves the isolation of the radioactive reaction product on cellulose paper discs washed with trichloroacetic acid, thereby greatly facilitating the handling of large numbers of assays. This procedure is both more accurate and more sensitive than that involving(More)
A single change (E119G) in the influenza A virus N9 neuraminidase (NA) results in resistance of the enzyme to the NA inhibitor 4-Guanidino-Neu5Ac2en (4-GuDANA). This change causes a salt link between Glu119, which sits in a pocket in the bottom of the active site of the enzyme, and the 4-guanidinium moiety of the inhibitor to be lost. NA "heads" of the(More)