Andy J. A. Vinten

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The European Union Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires Member States to set water quality objectives and identify cost-effective mitigation measures to achieve "good status" in all waters. However, costs and effectiveness of measures vary both within and between catchments, depending on factors such as land use and topography. The aim of this study was(More)
The use of molecular tools, principally qPCR, versus traditional culture-based methods for quantifying microbial parameters (e.g., Fecal Indicator Organisms) in bathing waters generates considerable ongoing debate at the science-policy interface. Advances in science have allowed the development and application of molecular biological methods for rapid (~2(More)
Th e European Union Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires Member States to set water quality objectives and identify cost-eff ective mitigation measures to achieve " good status " in all waters. However, costs and eff ectiveness of measures vary both within and between catchments, depending on factors such as land use and topography. Th e aim of this(More)
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