Andy Gray

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The first WHO essential drugs list, published in 1977, was described as a peaceful revolution in international public health. The list helped to establish the principle that some medicines were more useful than others and that essential medicines were often inaccessible to many populations. Since then, the essential medicines list (EML) has increased in(More)
INTRODUCTION Lamivudine and emtricitabine are considered equivalent by several guidelines, but evidence of comparable efficacy is conflicting. METHODS We searched two databases up to June 30 2013 to identify randomized and quasi-randomized trials in which lamivudine and emtricitabine were used as part of combination antiretroviral therapy for(More)
Editorials 158 Shortages of essential medicines, among them generic injectable chemotherapy agents, are causing increasing concern in the United States of America (USA). However, the problem is far wider, affecting other classes of medicines including injectable anaesthetic agents, such as propofol, intravenous nutrition and elec-trolyte products, enzyme(More)
Tree biomass is typically estimated using statistical models. This review highlights five limitations of most tree biomass models, which include the following: (1) biomass data are costly to collect and alternative sampling methods are used; (2) belowground data and models are generally lacking; (3) models are often developed from small and geographically(More)
Scientific journals are most often used to disseminate the end products of research, but also have an important role as instruments of change. One year after the launch of the Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice, the focus of articles published has been on pharmaceutical health systems research, including contemporary issues related to medicines(More)
Sex differences in risk seeking behaviour, emergency hospital admissions, and mortality are well documented. However, little is known about sex differences in idiotic risk taking behaviour. This paper reviews the data on winners of the Darwin Award over a 20 year period (1995-2014). Winners of the Darwin Award must eliminate themselves from the gene pool in(More)
  • Southern Med Review, Med Southern, Editor Z Review, Babar, S Scahill, A Tahira +19 others
  • 2009
Medicine prices, availability and affordability in Vietnam and Thailand Medicine pricing policy in South Africa Consumers' perception of generic medicines in Malaysia Policy reforms and generic medicines in Australia Anti retroviral therapy in a South African public healthcare setting Retail pharmacy sector in low and middle income countries Context: In(More)
This document has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Community. The views expressed herein are those of the author and can therefore in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Community. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any(More)
This document has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Community. The views expressed herein are those of the author and can therefore in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Community. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any(More)
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