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PURPOSE To determine whether [(18)F]-fluorodeoxy-D-glucose ([(18)F]-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) can predict the pathologic response of primary and metastatic breast cancer to chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty patients with noninflammatory, large (> 3 cm), or locally advanced breast cancers received eight doses of primary chemotherapy.(More)
BACKGROUND Total hip resurfacing has become increasingly popular over the last decade. There remains concern about the effect of the surgical approach on femoral head viability and the role of resurfacing in the management of established osteonecrosis. In view of these concerns, we examined femoral head viability following resurfacing through a modified(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), a key negative regulator of leptin and insulin signaling, is positively correlated with adiposity and contributes to insulin resistance. Global PTP1B deletion improves diet-induced obesity and glucose homeostasis via enhanced leptin signaling in the brain and increased insulin signaling in liver and muscle. However,(More)
Late-stage neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are β-amyloid (βA) and hyperphosphorylated tau peptides, aggregated into plaques and tangles, respectively. Corresponding phenotypes have been mimicked in existing transgenic mice, however, the translational value of aggressive over-expression has recently been questioned. As controlled gene(More)
The lack of reliable translational procedures applicable to both patients and experimental models are a major obstacle for the advancement of basic research as well as for the development of therapeutics. This is particularly relevant to neurodegenerative disorders such as AD (Alzheimer's disease), where the predictive validity of animal models and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to determine whether 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) could detect response to chemotherapy in patients with oesophageal and gastric cancer. METHODS Fourteen patients underwent imaging before and after chemotherapy using FDG-PET. Computed tomography (CT), dysphagia scores and(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate 18F-fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in gastric and oesophageal carcinoma. 16 patients with biopsy proven oesophageal or gastric carcinoma had PET scans. Four patients had advanced disease and received palliative treatment. The remaining 12 patients were randomized to immediate surgery or(More)
BACKGROUND Cytotoxic chemotherapy remains the main systemic therapy for gastro-oesophageal adenocarcinoma, but resistance to chemotherapy is common, resulting in ineffective and often toxic treatment for patients. Predictive biomarkers for chemotherapy response would increase the probability of successful therapy, but none are currently recommended for(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study was to investigate the intracellular location of [methyl-(3)H]choline in MCF7 tumour cells and to determine the relationship between [methyl-(3)H]choline incorporation and proliferation. METHODS Tumour cells were incubated with [methyl-(3)H]choline for 10 min, and then in cold medium to simulate the rapid blood clearance of(More)