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The persistence and penetration of the herbicides isoproturon and chlorotoluron in an unconfined chalk aquifer has been monitored over a 4-year period through soil sampling, shallow coring and groundwater monitoring. Chlorotoluron was applied on plots as a marker compound, having never been used previously on that, or surrounding fields. The fieldsite had a(More)
The heterogeneous nature of upland hard-rock catchments in terms of geology, geomorphology, superficial deposits, soil type and land use gives rise to a range of hydrochemical characteristics in stream waters. This is further complicated by the large and often rapid changes in stream flow typical of storm events. The sources of solutes and flow pathways in(More)
The potential for the herbicides isoproturon, atrazine and mecoprop to degrade in the major UK aquifers of chalk, sandstone and limestone was studied using laboratory microcosms spiked at 100 microg litre(-1). Significant mecoprop degradation was only observed in sandstone groundwater samples. Atrazine transformation, based on the formation of metabolites,(More)
Quadriceps contraction normally produces subatmospheric or small positive pressures within the knee, but in the presence of arthritis and with effusions, high positive pressures are developed (Jayson and Dixon, 1970b). Pressures of this magnitude may well damage the articular surfaces, but it would also seem possible that they could 'blow out' the capsule(More)
Synovitis was observed in 13 out of 88 consecutive patients with polymyalgia rheumatica. It is described in detail in five patients, on the basis of clinical radiological observations, joint aspiration, arthroscopy and biopsy. The synovitis of polymyalgia rheumatica cannot be distinguished histologically or at arthroscopy from the appearance seen in mild(More)
There has been little basis on which to standardise a diagnosis of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), and so 11 rheumatology units in the south and west of Great Britain have collaborated in a study to evaluate possible criteria. Symptoms and laboratory findings claimed to be of diagnostic value in PMR were included in an analysis of the features of 236 patients(More)
The feet of 200 consecutive admissions with classical or definite rheumatoid arthritis were studied. 104 were found to have pain or deformity. Clinical involvement of the joints was seen more often than radiological joint damage in the ankle, but the reverse was the case in the midtarsal joints. The metatarsophalangeal joints were involved most frequently(More)