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PURPOSE Expression of ErbB-1 and ErbB-2 (epidermal growth factor receptor and HER2/neu) in breast cancer may cause tamoxifen resistance, but not all studies concur. Additionally, the relationship between ErbB-1 and ErbB-2 expression and response to selective aromatase inhibitors is unknown. A neoadjuvant study for primary breast cancer that randomized(More)
gamma-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a neurotransmitter in brain and an emerging drug of abuse, although its mechanism of action is poorly understood. This study characterized the role of GABA(A), GABA(B), and other receptors in the discriminative stimulus effects of GHB. Eight rats reliably discriminated 200 mg/kg GHB from saline after a median of 35 (range:(More)
The discriminative stimulus effects of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) can be mimicked by GABA(A) receptor-positive modulators (e.g., diazepam) and GABA(B) receptor agonists (e.g., baclofen). The purposes of this study were to see whether stimulus control could be established with baclofen and to further characterize the role of GABAergic mechanisms in the(More)
Spontaneous multiquantal events are recorded at many different boutons and varicosities for which there is evidence that the receptor patch at these individual synapses is saturated by the transmitter unit. In order to reconcile these observations, a model is considered in which calcium release from a ryanodine channel within a nerve terminal can reach(More)
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), a metabolite of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), is an increasingly popular drug of abuse and was recently approved for the treatment of narcolepsy (Xyrem). GHB and GABA receptors have been implicated in mediating effects of GHB; however, the relative importance of each of these receptors is unclear. This study evaluated the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a frequent and unpleasant experience that may increase postoperative complications and costs. For surgical procedures with a high risk of PONV, prevention is preferable to treatment. In this study, the authors explore the dose-response relationship between granisetron administered just(More)
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