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Loading of the rat ulna is an ideal model to examine stress fracture healing. The aim of this study was to undertake a detailed examination of the histology, histomorphometry and gene expression of the healing and remodelling process initiated by fatigue loading of the rat ulna. Ulnae were harvested 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 weeks following creation of a stress(More)
Bone-lining tissues contain a population of resident macrophages termed osteomacs that interact with osteoblasts in vivo and control mineralization in vitro. The role of osteomacs in bone repair was investigated using a mouse tibial bone injury model that heals primarily through intramembranous ossification and progresses through all major phases of(More)
The distribution, phenotype, and requirement of macrophages for fracture-associated inflammation and/or early anabolic progression during endochondral callus formation were investigated. A murine femoral fracture model [internally fixed using a flexible plate (MouseFix)] was used to facilitate reproducible fracture reduction. IHC demonstrated that(More)
Macrophages have reemerged to prominence with widened understanding of their pleiotropic contributions to many biologies and pathologies. This includes clear advances in revealing their importance in wound healing. Here we have focused on the current state of knowledge with respect to bone repair, which has received relatively little scientific attention(More)
Because bisphosphonates (BPs) are potent inhibitors of bone resorption, we hypothesized that they would retard direct remodeling of stress fractures. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of risedronate on direct remodeling and woven bone callus formation following stress fracture formation in the rat ulna. In 135 adult female Wistar rats,(More)
Stress fractures (SFxs) are debilitating injuries and exact mechanisms that initiate their repair incompletely understood. We hypothesised that osteocyte apoptosis and expression of cytokines and proteins such as sclerostin, VEGF, TGF-β, COX-2 and IL-6 were early signalling events to facilitate the formation of periosteal woven bone and recruitment of(More)
Previous studies have generated conflicting results regarding the contribution of B cells to bone formation during physiology and repair. Here, we have investigated the role of B cells in osteoblast-mediated intramembranous anabolic bone modeling. Immunohistochemistry for CD45 receptor expression indicated that B cells had no propensity or aversion for(More)
BACKGROUND Bone allografts carry a risk of infection, so terminal sterilization by gamma irradiation at 25kGy is recommended; but is deleterious to bone quality. Contemporary bone banking significantly reduces initial allograft bioburden, questioning the need to sterilize at 25kGy. METHODS We inoculated allograft bone with Staphylococcus epidermidis and(More)
This study evaluates the pro-inflammatory response to the thermoplastic biopolymer poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) through the analysis of cellular responses in vitro. The murine macrophage RAW264.7 cell line was cultured on solvent cast PHBV films, which was found to induce pro-inflammatory activity that required direct contact between(More)
Skeletal metastases present a major clinical challenge for prostate cancer patient care, inflicting distinctive mixed osteoblastic and osteolytic lesions that cause morbidity and refractory skeletal complications. Macrophages are abundant in bone and bone marrow and can influence both osteoblast and osteoclast function in physiology and pathology. Herein,(More)