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BACKGROUND Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) is an uncommonly encountered type of malignant melanoma. The clinical appearance of DM can be highly variable and thus, diagnosis of this tumour is difficult and very often may mislead the physician. OBJECTIVES To make a critical review of the contemporary literature on DM, to pool the data from published studies and(More)
PURPOSE Gene expression studies in melanoma have been few because tumors are small and cryopreservation is rarely possible. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Illumina DASL Array Human Cancer Panel for gene expression studies in formalin-fixed melanoma primary tumors and to identify prognostic biomarkers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Primary tumors from(More)
17 (33%) of 52 patients who underwent 56 consecutive orthotopic liver transplants had serious neurological complications postoperatively. The commonest complication was fits, which occurred in 13 (25%) patients. 50% of patients had their onset of fits within the first week. In 3 patients the fits were associated with postoperative metabolic encephalopathy(More)
Between 1980 and 1989, 32 cases of invasive aspergillosis were identified out of 2315 consecutive necropsies, an incidence of 1.4%. The incidence in immunosuppressed "high risk" patients was 10.7%. Twenty out of 32 cases showed spread beyond the lungs, with the brain the most common site. There was an increase in cases in the second half of the decade,(More)
Ulceration of primary melanomas is associated with poor prognosis yet is reported to predict benefit from adjuvant interferon. To better understand the biological processes involved, clinicopathological factors associated with ulceration were determined in 1804 patients. From this cohort, 348 primary tumor blocks were sampled to generate gene expression(More)
To assess the pattern and severity of liver disease in patients who had undergone jejuno-ileal bypass for the treatment of morbid obesity, 23 patients were biopsied, all of whom had had intact bypasses for more than 10 years. These were examined by light and electron microscopy. Previous biopsy specimens from each patient, including specimens taken before(More)
Cutaneous granulomas are uncommon in primary immunodeficiency disorders. We report cutaneous granulomas in a child with ataxia telangiectasia (AT) and compare the clinical course with similar lesions in an adult with common variable immunodeficiency (CVI). A 4-year-old female with AT developed cutaneous granulomas as erythematous plaques. The largest lesion(More)
AIM To identify lifestyle factors affecting risk of relapse. METHODS A comparison of 131 relapsed melanoma patients with 147 non-relapsers. RESULTS Relapsers were more likely to report financial hardship using a number of different measures including access to holidays and feeling financially insecure (odds ratio (OR) 5.7, 95% confidence interval (CI)(More)
We report an investigation of gene dosage at 9p21.3 and mutations in BRAF and NRAS, as predictors of relapse and histological markers of poor melanoma prognosis. Formalin-fixed primary melanomas from 74 relapsed and 42 nonrelapsed patients were sequenced for common BRAF and NRAS mutations (N = 71 results) and gene dosage at 9p21.3 including the genes CDKN2A(More)