Andrzej Wernicki

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The objective of our study was to identify Lactobacillus sp. strains of goose origin using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, ITS-PCR and ITS-PCR/RFLP. All three techniques proved to be valuable tools for identification of avian lactobacilli and produced comparable classification results. Lactobacillus strains were isolated from 100% of geese aged 3 weeks to 4(More)
In view of the scarcity of information concerning viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) infections in beef cattle in Poland, the aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of the BVDV in young beef cattle from selected herds in eastern and south-eastern regions of Poland. The material consisted of 78 sera obtained from beef cattle from 15 farms, aged 6-12(More)
Heat shock proteins (hsp) are highly conserved and abundant proteins essential for cellular viability. They are constitutively expressed under normal growth conditions of cells, playing a role as molecular chaperones. Expression of hsp appears during mammalian embryogenesis. However, hsp are markedly induced by heat and other stress factors. Hsp as pathogen(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsp) are the group of proteins observed in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell types. Hsp synthesis takes place in response to many environmental conditions, including ultraviolet radiation, heavy metal ions, hypoxia and toxic agents. Many authors have suggested that Hsp can be used in immunoprophylaxis, yet Hsp70 proteins expressed in(More)
Conglutinin, collectin-43 (CL-43) and collectin-46 (CL-46) are serum proteins characteristic for Bovidae. They belong to collectins--family of oligomeric proteins composed of trimeric subunits containing collagen-like sequences joined to C-type lectin domains. The genes encoding conglutinin, CL-43 and CL-46 are located on the bovine chromosome 28, and(More)
Lactobacilli are natural inhabitants of human and animal mucous membranes, including the avian gastrointestinal tract. Recently, increasing attention has been given to their probiotic, health-promoting capacities, among which their antagonistic potential against pathogens plays a key role. A study was conducted to evaluate probiotic properties of(More)
Conglutinin is a high molecular-weight lectin originally detected in bovine serum. It belongs to the family of collectins that bind sugar residues in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner and are effector molecules in innate immunity. Conglutinin appears to play an important role in immune defense mechanisms, showing antiviral and antibacterial activities when tested(More)
In this study a two-stage procedure for purification of conglutinin using affinity and ion-exchange chromatography was developed. To isolate conglutinin from bovine serum, its unique ability to bind to complement component iC3b was exploited. Incubation of bovine serum with chromatographic beads (TSK, Toyopearl HW-75 F) at 37 °C allows for iC3b deposition(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of heat stress in in vitro conditions on the induction of heat-shock protein (Hsp)70 by Escherichia coli cells, and to determine the localization of Hsps in cell fractions. The material consisted of wild strains of E. coli isolated from the digestive tract of calves, suspended in an exponential-phase culture(More)
The objective of our study is to evaluate the potential use of Amplified 16S Ribosomal DNA Restriction Analysis (16S-ARDRA) and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS) as methods for species identification of Lactobacillus strains in poultry. A total of 80 Lactobacillus strains isolated from the cloaca of chicken, geese and turkeys were identified to the species(More)