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We prove that the Banzhaf value is a unique symmetric solution having the dummy player property, the marginal contributions property introduced by Young (1985) and satisfying a very natural reduction axiom of Lehrer (1988). This note is devoted to the value concept introduced by Banzhaf (1965). It is wellknown that the Banzhaf value is not an efficient(More)
There are two situations when antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended. The first is associated with procedures known to be followed by high rates of bacteraemia, involving organisms prone to cause endocarditis. These include oesophageal dilatation, variceal sclerotherapy and laser therapy in the upper gastrointestinal tract. As bacteraemia following these(More)
Disturbance of outflow of the pancreatic juice is considered to be a pathogenic factor in the development of acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP). In the years 1984-1988 sixty-seven patients admitted with ABP were prospectively allocated to urgent ERCP and endoscopic sphincterotomy. Diagnostic criteria of acute biliary pancreatitis were as follows: epigastric(More)
Leptin interplays with other peptides to control feeding behaviour in humans and animals. Using exendin-4, an agonist of glucagon-like peptide-1, we investigated whether leptin modifies its effect on food intake in the rat. In the first series, exendin-4 alone (0.1, 2 or 10 microg per rat), leptin alone (0.1, 2, 10 or 100 microg per rat) or exendin-4 and(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS There has been a tendency in recent years to omit endoscopy in dyspeptic patients younger than 45 years with no so-called "alarm symptoms." This study was conducted to test whether this policy might lead to an increased rate of delayed diagnosis of gastric cancer, especially in a population with a high prevalence of the disease. (More)
We have recently observed an increased interest in gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NET). They are rare cancer types and therefore collaborative effort of specialists in various disciplines of medicine is necessary to work out the diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines. In this publication we present general guidelines of the Polish(More)