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1. Several lines of evidence suggest a crucial involvement of glutamate in the mechanism of action of anxiolytic and/or antidepressant drugs. The involvement of group I mGlu receptors in anxiety and depression has also been proposed. Given the recent discovery of a selective and brain penetrable mGlu5 receptor antagonists, the effect of(More)
The effects of zinc, the N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptor inhibitor, were studied in mice and rats using the forced swim test. Zinc (ZnSO4) in a dose of 30 mg/kg and imipramine (30 mg/kg), reduced the immobility time in the forced swim test in both species. Moreover, combined treatment in this test with zinc and imipramine at their ineffective doses(More)
Group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are widely distributed in the basal ganglia, especially on the terminals of pathways which seem to be overactive in Parkinson's disease. The aim of the present study was to determine whether (1S,3R,4S)-1-aminocyclo-pentane-1,3,4-tricarboxylic acid (ACPT-1), an agonist of group III mGluRs, injected(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine a potential beneficial effect of the blockade of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5) by the selective non-competitive antagonist, 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine (MPEP), in models of parkinsonian symptoms in rats. Haloperidol, 0.25, 0.5 and 1mg/kg ip, was used to induce hypolocomotion, catalepsy(More)
It is believed that brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role in neuronal growth, transmission, modulation and plasticity. Single bout of exercise can increase plasma BDNF concentration [BDNF](p) in humans. It was recently reported however, that elevated [BDNF](p) positively correlated with risk factors for metabolic syndrome and type(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest a crucial involvement of glutamate in the mechanism of action of anxiolytic drugs including the involvement of group I metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors. Given the recent discovery of a selective and brain penetrable mGlu5 receptor antagonists, the effect of 3-[(2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)ethynyl]-pyridine (MTEP), i.e.(More)
Medicinal therapies for mood disorders neither fully serve the efficacy needs of patients nor are they free of side-effect issues. Although monoamine-based therapies are the primary current treatment approaches, both preclinical and clinical findings have implicated the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorders.(More)
Broad evidence indicates that modulation of the glutamatergic system could be an efficient way to achieve antidepressant activity. Metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGlu receptor) ligands seem to be promising agents to treat several central nervous system disorders, including psychiatric ones. The aim of our study was to investigate potential(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest a crucial involvement of glutamate in the mechanism of action of anxiolytic and antidepressant drugs. The involvement of group I mGlu receptors in anxiety and depression has also been proposed. In view of the recent discovery of anxiolytic- or antidepressant-like effects of acute injections of(More)
Depression and anxiety represent a major problem. However, the current treatment of both groups of diseases is not satisfactory. As the glutamatergic system may play an important role in pathophysiology of both depression and anxiety, we decided to discuss the recent data on possible anxiolytic and/or antidepressant effects of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu)(More)