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UNLABELLED Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is one of the most common chronic complications of diabetes. It is defined as an impaired control of the cardiovascular system by the autonomic nervous system. The gold standard in detecting it is the Ewing test suite. The usefulness of other methods is still a subject of research. AIM The aim of this(More)
CONTEXT Very-long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFAs) from fish are thought to reduce risk of sudden death, possibly by reducing susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmia. OBJECTIVE To study the effect of supplemental fish oil vs placebo on ventricular tachyarrhythmia or death. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS The Study on Omega-3 Fatty acids(More)
In humans, innate immune recognition of mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae, involves toll-like receptor-2 (TLR-2), expressed on immature dendritic cells (DCs), and the T-cell gammadelta receptor expressed by a subpopulation of T cells that utilize Vdelta2 (Vdelta2 T cells). To investigate modulatory relationships(More)
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a highly efficient treatment modality for patients with severe congestive heart failure and intraventricular dyssynchrony. However, the high individual cost and technical complexity of the implantation may limit its widespread utilization. The European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) launched a project to assess(More)
Experimental studies have shown that transmural dispersion of repolarization (DoR), defined as the difference in action potential duration between mid-myocardial M-cells, epicardial, and endocardial cells is reflected in the duration of the terminal portion of the T wave (TpTe) on the surface ECG. Since DoR is an important factor associated with the(More)
There is evidence from experimental studies that the time interval from the peak to the end of T-wave reflects the transmural dispersion in repolarization (electrical gradient) between myocardial "layers" (epicardial, M-cells, endocardial). Since Congenital Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) is considered to be classical disease or repolarisation abnormalities, we(More)
BACKGROUND Recent data suggest that the electrophysiological study (EPS) has limited value in the identification of high risk patients, so the aim of the present study was to evaluate if non-invasive measurement of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), a marker of autonomic balance, provides additional prognostic information in patients surviving a sustained(More)
As in other settings, in the field of clinical use of cardiac implantable electrical devices (CIEDs), the implementation, in various ways, of diagnosis-related groups (DRGs) has created new scenarios in most European healthcare systems. A DRG system is primarily a financial tool with the aim of promoting efficiency and improving utilization of resources.(More)
INTRODUCTION Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia. Diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN) is a frequent complication of diabetes mellitus and has a negative impact on the cardiovascular system. There are no data about the occurrence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in the population with DAN. MATERIAL AND METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the preliminary safety and efficacy of three doses of budiodarone in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND Budiodarone is a chemical analogue of amiodarone and shares its mixed ion channel electrophysiological properties. It has a shorter half-life than amiodarone. METHODS Patients(More)