Learn More
Apart from the essential role of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in calcium and phosphorus metabolism, this compound and its analogs are involved in regulating the functions of the central nervous and immune systems. Active forms of vitamin D3 have been reported to stimulate neurotrophin gene expression and to prevent neuronal damage against a variety of(More)
Active vitamin D analogs that are less toxic than calcitriol can be useful in the combined treatment of patients suffering from colon cancer. In the present study we demonstrate, for the first time in an in vivo model system, the biological effect of combined therapy using 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) along with vitamin D analog PRI-2191 (tacalcitol,(More)
The active form of Vitamin D(3) has been reported to prevent neuronal damage caused by a variety of insults, however, it may also induce undesirable hypercalcemic effects. In the present study, we evaluated effects of (24R)-1,24-dihydroxycholecalciferol (PRI-2191) on hydrogen peroxide- and excitatory amino acid-induced neuronal damage in human neuroblastoma(More)
We characterized a structure-function relationships of four analogs of vitamin D(2) with extended and branched side-chains. We tested their ability to induce differentiation of human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells both in vitro and ex vivo. Our experiments on five human cell lines revealed substantial differences among tested analogs. Analogs with(More)
Several in vivo and in vitro studies have demonstrated the neuroprotective potential of pretreatment with 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol). The aim of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of calcitriol administered in vivo after a brain ischemic episode in the rat model of perinatal asphyxia, or when co-applied with or without(More)
The evidence for the promising potential for derivatives of Vitamin D (deltanoids) in the treatment of myeloid leukemias is increasing, but currently is not matched by the understanding of the precise mechanisms by which these anti-neoplastic effects are achieved. Unlike solid tumors in which growth retardation by deltanoids appears to result from(More)
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D) regulates gene transcription through a nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) which acts as a ligand-regulated transcription factor. Some structural vitamin D analogs (VDAs) are selective in their biological actions, because they retain cell-differentiating potential, while their calcemic activity is reduced. In this article we(More)
The hybrid analogs of 1,25-dihydroxyergocalciferol (PRI-5201 and PRI-5202) were synthesized as potential anticancer agents using a convergent strategy. The analogs were designed by combining a 19-nor modification of the A-ring with the homologated and rigidified ergocalciferol-like side-chain of the previously obtained analogs PRI-1906 and PRI-1907. The(More)
In the present study, we evaluated the antitumor effect of two synthetic analogs of vitamin D, namely PRI-2191 [(24R)-1,24-dihydroxyvitamin D3] and PRI-2205 (5,6-trans calcipotriol), in combined human colon HT-29 cancer treatment with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Mice bearing HT-29 tumors transplanted subcutaneously or orthotopically were injected with vitamin D(More)
The active form of vitamin D3 and some of its related compounds show neuroprotective effects in various models of neuronal damage, however, mechanism of their anti-apoptotic action has not been elucidated. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its low-calcemic analogues, PRI-2191, PRI-1890 and(More)