Andrzej J. Szopa

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Spasticity is a common impairment that interferes with motor function (particularly gait pattern) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Gait analysis and clinical measurements are equally important in evaluating and treating gait disorders in children with CP. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the spasticity of lower extremity muscles and(More)
BACKGROUND Several different strategies for maintaining upright standing posture in children with cerebral palsy (CP) were observed. PURPOSE The purpose of the present study was to define two different postural patterns in children with unilateral CP, using moiré topography (MT) parameters. Additionally, another focus of this article was to outline some(More)
Inhibiting casts, introduced to rehabilitation practice by NDT-Bobath therapists, are being used with increasing frequency in the physiotherapy of children with cerebral palsy (CP). In the literature these plaster casts are known as tone-reducing plasters, spasticity-reducing plasters, or short leg plaster casts. The casts are installed on the lower leg and(More)
Patients with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP) often have impaired movement coordination, reduced between-limb synchronization, and less weight bearing on the affected side, which can affect the maintenance of an upright weight-bearing position and gait. This study evaluated whether the different postural patterns of children with unilateral CP could be(More)
Children with cerebral palsy (CP) often have atypical body posture patterns and abnormal gait patterns resulting from functional strategies to compensate for primary anomalies that are directly attributable to damage to the central nervous system. Our previous study revealed two different postural patterns in children with unilateral CP: (1) a pattern with(More)
INTRODUCTION Central nervous system damage in early life results in both quantitative and qualitative abnormalities of psychomotor development. Late sequelae of these disturbances may include visual perception disorders which not only affect the ability to read and write but also generally influence the child's intellectual development. This study sought to(More)
BACKGROUND Functional classification systems generally divide children with cerebral palsy (CP) into mild, moderate, and severe types. Although depending on functional limitations, they do not seem to evaluate abnormal postural patterns in standing. Since the most asymmetrical patterns can be observed in hemiplegia, the goal of this case series study was to(More)
It is difficult to find publications comparing rotation kinematics in large joints of the lower limbs and pelvis during gait in patients after single-bundle (SB) reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACLR) with double-bundle (DB) ACLR of the knee. The aim of this study was to compare rotation kinematics in ankle, knee, and hip joints and the(More)
Postural control deficit is one of the most important problems in children with cerebral palsy (CP). The purpose of the presented study was to compare the effects of body posture asymmetry alone (i.e., in children with mild scoliosis) with the effects of body posture impairment (i.e., in children with hemiplegia) on postural stability. Forty-five(More)
Development of a reliable and objective test of spasticity is important for assessment and treatment of children with cerebral palsy. The pendulum test has been reported to yield reliable measurements of spasticity and to be sensitive to variations in spasticity in these children. However, the relationship between the pendulum test scores and other(More)