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BACKGROUND/AIMS Osteopenia and osteoporosis are common complications of chronic liver disease (CLD). Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) regulate osteoclastogenesis and bone remodelling, and are involved in several inflammatory diseases. This study investigated the activation state of the RANKL/OPG system and(More)
OBJECTIVES In western and northern but not southern Europe, the prevalence of coeliac disease among patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is higher than in the general population. We analysed the prevalence of coeliac disease among patients with PBC in Poland, a central European country. METHODS In 115 patients with PBC, immunoglobulin A (IgA)(More)
THE AIM OF THE STUDY was to analyze indications and results of the first one thousand liver transplantations at Chair and Clinic of General, Transplantation and Liver Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data from 1000 transplantations (944 patients) performed at Chair and Clinic of General, Transplantation and Liver Surgery between(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), inflammation is closely related to fibrosis. Although transaminase levels are commonly used to assess hepatic inflammation, they may not relate directly to the histology. We developed a noninvasive diagnostic score as an alternative to liver biopsy to help optimize treatment for AIH and monitor disease(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous papers have addressed the association of mutations and polymorphisms of susceptibility genes with autoimmune inflammatory disorders. We investigated whether polymorphisms that confer susceptibility to Crohn's disease could be classified also as predisposing factors for the development of primary sclerosing cholangitis and primary biliary(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis, a common disorder in primary biliary cirrhosis. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) gene microsatellite repeat polymorphism was found to be associated with osteoporosis in some studies, and collagen-Ialpha1 (COLIA1) Sp1 s allele was associated with lower bone mineral(More)
Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a rare, cholestatic liver disease, most commonly affecting young men. The association of primary sclerosing cholangitis with other autoimmune disorders, although rare, indicates a genetic predisposition for this disease. We describe, for the first time, the association of primary sclerosing cholangitis, ulcerative colitis(More)
In patients without substantial alcohol use, triglyceride accumulation in the liver can lead to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) that may progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The differential diagnosis between NAFLD and NASH can be accomplished only by morphological examination. Although the relationship between mitochondrial dysfunction(More)
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is an autoimmune liver disease with unknown etiology. Patients with PBC have antimitochondrial autoantibodies (AMA) and additionally 50% of them have antinuclear antibodies (ANA). A 15-amino acid fragment (DRKASPPSGLWSPAY) from the C-terminal part of the nuclear envelope glycoprotein gp210 has been proposed as one of the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM The pathophysiology of osteoporosis in chronic liver diseases is unknown. Recent data suggest that serum leptin is associated with bone mineral density (BMD). In animal studies leptin was found to be a potent inhibitor of bone formation. We investigated the relationship between serum leptin levels, soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R), free leptin(More)