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A gas-liquid chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GLC-MS) method was applied to the detection of 3-deoxy-d-manno-2-octulosonic acid (Kdo), a constituent of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS, endotoxin). Samples containing LPS were dried, methanolyzed with 2 M HCl in methanol at 60 degrees C for 1 h and acetylated with acetic anhydride and pyridine (1:1, v/v)(More)
Lipopolysaccharides with sialic acid as a component were isolated from six bacterial serovars of the family Enterobacteriaceae. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, immunoblotting and passive haemagglutination demonstrated that epitopes are localized in the O-specific polysaccharide of lipopolysaccharides. The strains were tested for a serological(More)
Structural studies on the major glycolipid isolated from Rothia mucilaginosa were carried out utilising specific chemical degradation, NMR spectroscopy and matrix-assisted laser-desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI TOF-MS). The glycolipid was found to be a dimannosylacylmonoglyceride in which the carbohydrate part was the(More)
Antibodies induced in mice by the N-propionyl (N-Pr)-group B meningococcal polysaccharide (GBMP)-tetanus toxoid (TT) conjugate were bactericidal for GBM organisms independent of protein serotype. The antisera contained two populations of N-Pr-GBMP-specific antibodies, only one of which crossreacted with the GBMP. Particularly significant was the fact that(More)
A Gram-positive bacterium, strain J18(T), isolated from sludge of a foul water sewer, was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Phylogenetic analysis of the bacterium based on its 16S rDNA sequence showed that it belongs to the genus Rothia and forms a distinct phyletic clade with the type strain of Rothia nasimurium. Morphological, physiological and(More)
Sialic acids, that are important constituents of animal tissue glycoconjugates, are also present in antigens of some bacterial strains. Capsular polysaccharides with sialic acid have been extensively studied whereas little is known on lipopolysaccharides which contain sialic acid. The susceptibility of Gram-negative strains with sialic acid-containing(More)
Objectives: To examine the hypothesis that nitrite/nitrate, neopterin, and procalcitonin (PCT) levels can be useful predictors of sepsis-associated mortality and predictors of the postoperative complications after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Design: Prospective clinical study. Setting: Intensive care unit of the Medical University Hospital. Patients: 41(More)
A cheap value-added product, the protein fraction of barley spent grains is proposed as a source of a potential and economical cultivation medium. We showed that medium composed of protein fraction extract allows the isolation of actinobacteria, especially Streptomyces, from soil samples, and enhances the sporulation. It was used for the screening and(More)
The chemical structure of the major glycolipid present in the chloroform-methanol extract of bacterial biomass of Tsukamurella pulmonis is reported. This compound was purified by TLC and HPLC. The sugar analysis revealed only glucose. Detailed chemical analyses, NMR, and MALDI FT-ICR-mass spectrometric studies identified(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity of dried aqueous extracts from Thymus serpyllum (ExTs), Thymus vulgaris (ExTv), Majorana hortensis (ExMh), and Mentha piperita (ExMp), and the phenolic compounds caffeic acid (CA), rosmarinic acid (RA), lithospermic acid (LA), luteolin-7-O-glucuronide (Lgr), luteolin-7-O-rutinoside (Lr),(More)