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Here we report the results of pilot screening for the environmental lead contamination in Turkey. Lead blood concentrations were determined in 342 subjects from 17 cities. The mean lead blood concentration, 3.65 +/- 1.66 micrograms/dl, is much lower than the values reported previously. People smoking tobacco and driving motor vehicles had elevated(More)
AIM To construct the body mass index reference curves for Turkish children aged 6 to 18 y, and to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Height and weight measurements of healthy schoolchildren (1,100 boys, 1,019 girls) were obtained biannually. Body mass index was calculated from 11,648 height and weight measurements.(More)
This study analyzed lead levels in scalp hair of child and adolescent street vendors in Istanbul. The mean lead in hair concentration found among children exposed to intensive motor traffic, 11.82 +/- 6.89 microg/g, was over five times higher than that in the control group, 2.70 +/- 2.30 microg/g. Vendors from a location with higher traffic density had(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to integrate the existing updated reference standards for the growth of Turkish infants and children and to compare these values with World Health Organization (WHO) reference data, data from some European countries, and also with previous local data. Weight, height, and head circumference measurements were obtained on 2,391 boys(More)
AIM To create up-to-date reference standards for Turkish children, and to compare these with growth standards for US children (CDC 2000 Growth Charts) and with previous local data. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Height and weight measurements of 1100 boys and 1020 girls were obtained by biannual visits to six schools located in relatively well-off districts of(More)
OBJECTIVE To (1) establish the median ages at menarche and pubertal stages and investigate influential factors and (2) assess the secular trend in reaching puberty in a transitional society. MATERIALS AND METHODS A probit method was used to calculate the median age at menarche and pubertal stages from a cross-sectional study of 4868 healthy schoolgirls(More)
HIV-infected individuals have an increased risk of malignancy, especially non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma. Recently, several workers have noted a raised prevalence of lung cancer in HIV-positive subjects. We describe the diagnosis and clinical course for four HIV-seropositive patients who presented with lung cancer. All of the patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Two or more species are cryptic, if they are morphologically similar, biologically distinct, and misclassified as a single species. Cryptic species complexes were recently discovered within many bat species and we suspect that the bent-wing bat, Miniopterus schreibersii, found in Europe, northern Africa, and Asia Minor, could also form such a(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the atherosclerosis of coronary arteries that carry blood to the heart muscle. Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease. Cytokine gene variations such as those associated with the IL1 family are involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the(More)