Learn More
The development of H2O2-induced changes in membrane potentials, membrane currents and corresponding contractile activity (shortening) were studied in rat and guinea-pig ventricular myocytes using the suction-pipette whole-cell clamp method. The cells exhibited a different sensitivity to 30 microM H2O2 in terms of time development of the changes, which were(More)
Ceramide signalling has been implicated in the mechanism of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (IR). This study tested the hypothesis that ceramides containing a specific amino-linked acyl residue mediate the injury, and that ischemic preconditioning (IPC) affords myocardial protection because it prevents increased ceramide accumulation in IR(More)
UNLABELLED The effect of ischemic preconditioning and superoxide dismutase (SOD) on endothelial glycocalyx and endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the postischemic isolated guinea-pig hearts was examined. Seven groups of hearts were used: group 1 underwent sham aerobic perfusion; group 2 was subjected to 40 min global ischemia without reperfusion; group(More)
The hypothesis was tested that endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced superoxide (O(2)(-)) generation mediates post-ischemic coronary endothelial injury, that ischemic preconditioning (IPC) affords endothelial protection by preventing post-ischemic ET-1, and thus O(2)(-), generation, and that opening of the mitochondrial ATP-dependent potassium channel (mK(ATP))(More)
Cardiac ischemia/reperfusion leads to coronary endothelial dysfunction, mediated by superoxide anion (O2-), but not hydroxyl radical (*OH). Ischemic preconditioning and mitochondrial ATP-dependent potassium channel opener (diazoxide) protect endothelium in the mechanism involving attenuation of O2- burst at reperfusion. We hypothesize that the endothelial(More)
Evidence indicates that ischemia/reperfusion (IR) results in endothelial dysfunction and neutrophil adhesion in the post-ischemic myocardium and that ischemic preconditioning (IPC), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and anti-endothelin-1 (ET-1) interventions prevent these effects. We tested the hypothesis that ET-1-induced superoxide (O(2)(-)) generation mediates(More)
It has been demonstrated that ischemic preconditioning (IPC) affords protection against the post-ischemic endothelial dysfunction. Here, a hypothesis was tested that IPC, by protecting the endothelium, prevents also the adherence of granulocytes (PMNs) in the post-ischemic heart. Langendorff-perfused guinea-pig hearts were subjected to 30 min ischemia/30(More)
Brain L-glutamine (Gln) accumulation and increased activity of the NO/cGMP pathway are immediate consequences of acute exposure to ammonia. This study tested whether excess Gln may influence NO and/or cGMP synthesis. Intrastriatal administration of the glutaminase inhibitor 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine or the system A-specific Gln uptake inhibitor(More)
One of the aspects of ammonia toxicity to brain cells is increased production of nitric oxide (NO) by NO synthases (NOSs). Previously we showed that ammonia increases arginine (Arg) uptake in cultured rat cortical astrocytes specifically via y(+)L amino acid transport system, by activation of its member, a heteromeric y(+)LAT2 transporter. Here, we tested(More)