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The present study demonstrates the occurrence of substance P (SP)- and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP)-immunoreactive nerve fibres in bone, bone marrow, periosteum, synovial membrane and soft tissues adjacent to the bone. The distribution pattern of the two types of nerves was similar, although the CGRP-positive fibres generally were more numerous.(More)
The occurrence of autonomic nerves in the lumbar spine of rats was investigated by immunohistochemical technique. Both peptidergic nerves, represented by immunoreactivity to neuropeptide Y (NPY), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), and noradrenergic nerves as reflected by tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity, were identified. NPY- and TH-positive(More)
The feasibility of extracting neuropeptides from rat knee joints for quantitation by radioimmunoassay was tested. The investigation, based on 25 adult Lewis rats, focused on substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide, neuropeptide Y, and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide. The relative recovery of the peptides in different extraction media was assessed(More)
The presence of sensory and autonomic nerves in the synovial membrane of the lumbar facet joint in rats was investigated by immunohistochemistry. Substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivities, representing sensory nerves, were observed as varicose fibers in the synoviocyte layer. The fibers were predominantly nonvascular. The autonomic(More)
The feasibility of extracting and quantifying neuropeptides in bone by radioimmunoassay was investigated in a study including 60 diaphyseal rat femora. Substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide, neuropeptide Y and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, previously identified in bone by immunohistochemistry, were extracted from separate homogenates of bone,(More)
We analyzed the neuronal occurrence of autonomic transmitters; noradrenaline (NA), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), in the Achilles tendon, medial and lateral collateral ligaments and knee joint capsule in the rat--by immunohistochemistry (IHC). In addition, the tissue concentrations of the sympathetic neuropeptide, NPY, and(More)
The effects of capsaicin on the sensory neuropeptides substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide were analyzed in the ankle joints and dorsal root ganglia (L2-L6) of adult female Lewis rats. The study included 23 normal rats and 23 arthritic rats, all injected subcutaneously with capsaicin (total dose 200 mg/kg bw). Another two groups of animals from a(More)
We suggest that different mechanisms underlie joint pain at rest and on movement in osteoarthritis and that separate assessment of these two features with a visual analogue scale (VAS) offers better information about the likely effect of a total knee replacement (TKR) on pain. The risk of persistent pain after TKR may relate to the degree of central(More)
The occurrence and distribution of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in the rat peripheral nervous system was studied by immunohistochemistry. CRF-positive nerve fibers were identified in the spleen, thymus, synovial membrane of the knee joint and adrenal gland. In general, CRF-positive fibers were seen predominantly in and around the blood vessels;(More)
The occurrence of the neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in ankle joints and dorsal root ganglia (L2-L6) was analyzed in normal and arthritic Lewis rats. In addition the effect of capsaicin pretreatment was investigated. The study included 92 rats consisting of 4 groups, 23 rats in each; normal rats, normal rats(More)