Andrij Baumketner

Learn More
The structure of the 21-30 fragment of the amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) was investigated by ion mobility mass spectrometry and replica exchange dynamics simulations. Mutations associated with familial Alzheimer's disease (E22G, E22Q, E22K, and D23N) of Abeta(21-30) were also studied, in order to understand any structural changes that might occur with these(More)
Chaperonins, such as the GroE complex of the bacteria Escherichia coli, assist the folding of proteins under non-permissive folding conditions by providing a cavity in which the newly translated or translocated protein can be encapsulated. Whether the chaperonin cage plays a passive role in protecting the protein from aggregation, or an active role in(More)
The amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) is a seminal neuropathic agent in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent evidence points to soluble Abeta oligomers as the probable neurotoxic species. Among the naturally occurring Abeta peptides, the 42-residue form Abeta42 is linked particularly strongly with AD, even though it is produced at approximately 10% of the levels of(More)
The conformational states sampled by the Alzheimer amyloid beta (10-35) (Abeta 10-35) peptide were probed using replica-exchange molecular dynamics (REMD) simulations in explicit solvent. The Abeta 10-35 peptide is a fragment of the full-length Abeta 40/42 peptide that possesses many of the amyloidogenic properties of its full-length counterpart. Under(More)
Short fragments of amyloidogenic proteins are widely used as model systems in studies of amyloid formation. Fragment 11-25 of the amyloid beta protein involved in Alzheimer's disease (Abeta11-25) was recently shown to form amyloid fibrils composed of anti-parallel beta-sheets. Interestingly, fibrils grown under neutral and acidic conditions were seen to(More)
The performance of reaction-field methods to treat electrostatic interactions is tested in simulations of ions solvated in water. The potential of mean force between sodium chloride pair of ions and between side chains of lysine and aspartate are computed using umbrella sampling and molecular dynamics simulations. It is found that in comparison with lattice(More)
Replica exchange molecular dynamics simulations were performed to investigate the effects of different electrostatic treatments on the structure and thermodynamics of a small beta-hairpin forming peptide. Three different electrostatic schemes were considered: regular cutoffs, generalized reaction field (GRF), and particle mesh Ewald (PME), with the peptide(More)
The structural properties of the Abeta42 peptide, a main constituent of the amyloid plaques formed in Alzheimer's disease, were investigated through a combination of ion-mobility mass spectrometry and theoretical modeling. Replica exchange molecular dynamics simulations using a fully atomic description of the peptide and implicit water solvent were(More)
The dimerization of polyalanine peptides in a hydrophobic environment was explored using replica exchange molecular dynamics simulations. A nonpolar solvent (cyclohexane) was used to mimic, among other hydrophobic environments, the hydrophobic interior of a membrane in which the peptides are fully embedded. Our simulations reveal that while the polyalanine(More)
Oligomeric, neurotoxic amyloid protein assemblies are thought to be causative agents in Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases. Development of oligomer-specific therapeutic agents requires a mechanistic understanding of the oligomerization process. This is a daunting task because amyloidogenic protein oligomers often are metastable and comprise(More)