Andries W. Zwamborn

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Anorectal diseases (e.g., fecal incontinence, perianal and anovaginal fistulas, anorectal tumors) require imaging for proper case management. Endoluminal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has become an important part of diagnostic work-up in such cases. Optimal endoluminal MR imaging requires careful attention to patient preparation, imaging protocols, and(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate the anatomy of the female pelvic floor with endovaginal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten healthy nulliparous volunteers (age, 22-26 years) underwent MR imaging with an endovaginal coil. Findings on endovaginal MR images in the volunteers were correlated with findings on endovaginal MR images and(More)
The purpose of this study was to correlate the in vivo endoanal MRI findings of the anal sphincter with the cross-sectional anatomy and histology. Fourteen patients with rectal tumours were examined with a rigid endoanal MR coil before undergoing abdominoperineal resection. In addition, 12 cadavers were used to obtain cross-sectional anatomical sections.(More)
PURPOSE To assess the feasibility and safety of a variety of techniques for percutaneous jejunostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Percutaneous jejunostomy was attempted on 53 occasions in 49 patients under US and fluoroscopic guidance. During the study period, thicker needles, Cope anchors, and intravenous glucagon were introduced to improve access, dilate, and(More)
Fecal incontinence is a major medical and social problem. The most frequent cause is a pathologic condition of the anal sphincter. Endoanal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging allows detailed visualization of the normal anatomy and pathologic conditions of the anal sphincter. The hyperintense internal sphincter appears as a continuation of the smooth muscle of(More)
The careful evaluation of bony structure is important in the study of normal bone and bone disorders. This study describes bony structure as seen in the X-ray pattern of the phalanges of the hand using quantitative microdensitometry. Normalised scans of bony density show the regular and irregular distribution of the trabeculae. Two properties were(More)
The bone mineral content of the second phalanx of the second digit was studied by quantitative microdensitometry. It is concluded that age-dependent loss of bone is a generalised phenomenon in men and women that occurs at different rates at different ages. In women, an accelerated rate of bone loss is observed between 50 and 57 years of age; in men such an(More)
In a sample of 1190 children (574 boys and 616 girls), aged 6.8-10.7 years, bone mineral content was studied using quantitative röntgen microdensitometry (QMD) at the diaphyseal and the metaphyseal site of the left second digit. Percentile curves of bone mineral density was determined by skeletal age for boys and girls separately. Bone mineral content at(More)
In this study a new reference value, "corrected vertebral dimension," is presented for vertebral height measurements. Of 68 females (age 18-88 years; mean 44.2 years) and 40 males (age 16-81 years; mean 55 years) the projected vertebral dimensions (T4-L5) were measured on lateral radiographs. In addition to this, the vertebra-to-film distances (VFD) were(More)
This is an outline of a radiologic assessment of bone mineral measurements for diagnosis that is simple and low in cost. Bone mineral content equivalent values (BMCE) were determined of phalanges. Since phalanges have different dimensions the BMCE values per square millimeter surface area, bone mean mineral equivalent values (BMME) were determined. In(More)