Andrey Simbirtsev

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This study examines the effects of repeated administration of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), fluoxetine and citalopram (10 mg/kg, i.p.), on immunoreactivity in C57BL/6 mice. Immune functions were evaluated by the ability of splenocytes to reduce a tetrazolium salt to formazan (MTT test), to proliferate, and to produce cytokines,(More)
Impairments to cognitive functions in in children and adults often result from various pathologies occurring during the prenatal period and early postnatal period of development (birth traumas, hypoxia, infectious diseases). The present study identified impaired learning in a Morris water maze in adult rats given interleukin-1β during the third week of(More)
Impairments to cognitive functions in children and adolescents often result from a variety of types of prenatal pathology (birth traumas, ischemia, hypoxia, and allergic and infectious diseases in early life) accompanied by high levels of production of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β. The studies reported here identified impairments to the(More)
Behavioral, hormonal, and neurotransmitter reactions to foot shock were studied in adult rats treated with IL-1β during week 3 of life. After stress, these animals differed from controls treated with saline by high levels of dopamine, serotonin, and 5-hydroxy-indolacetic acid in the hypothalamus. In contrast to controls, they developed a significant(More)
It is well established that repeated immobilization stress (RIS) is induced by increased levels of cytokines and the emergence of lesions in the liver. Our data prove that interleukin-1 (IL-1) causes liver lesions in stressed Wistar rats. In essence, the relationship between IL-1 and stress-induced liver injury is based on three findings: (1) IL-1β(More)
Children's and adults' cognitive dysfunctions are frequently caused by various types of pathology such as birth injuries, hypoxias, and infections suffered in prenatal and early postnatal periods of ontogenesis. These abnormal conditions trigger high production of proinflammatory cytokines by the cells of nervous and immune systems. The role of(More)
We studied the effects of immunomodulatory cytokine interleukin-1β on lipid peroxidation in emotiogenic structures of the brain (hypothalamus, sensorimotor cortex, and amygdala) of behaviorally active and passive rats with different prognostic resistance to stress. Immobilization of animals with simultaneous electrocutaneous stimulation (1 h) served as the(More)
We studied the effect of interleukin-1beta on the behavior of rats with different individual typological characteristics during mild stress in the open-field test. Intraperitoneal injection of interleukin-1beta (5 microg/kg, 108 U/mg) was followed by a decrease in orientation and exploratory activity of passive and, particularly, of active animals in the(More)
The effects of interleukin-1beta at low, subpyrogenic doses on behavior were studied in rats. Signs of increased anxiety were evident by day 5 of treatment courses. These results provide evidence supporting the role of proinflammatory cytokines in the pathogenesis of emotional disorders.
Studies were performed to investigate impairments to the formation of behavior arising as a result of increases in the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta in early postnatal ontogenesis. The cytokine was given at pyrogenic or subpyrogenic doses for one week (the first, second, or third week of life). Behavior was assessed at prepubertal age and in(More)