Andrey Kostin

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The basal forebrain (BF) is an important mediator of cortical arousal, which is innervated by all ascending arousal systems. During sleep deprivation (SD) a site-specific accumulation of sleep factors in the BF results in increased sleep pressure (Kalinchuk et al., 2006; Porkka-Heiskanen et al., 1997; Porkka-Heiskanen et al., 2000). However, animals are(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in the regulation of sleep. The perifornical-lateral hypothalamic area (PF-LHA) is a key wake-promoting region and contains neurons that are active during behavioral or cortical activation. Recently, we found higher levels of NO metabolites (NOx), an indirect measure of NO levels, in the PF-LHA during prolonged waking(More)
The perifornical-lateral hypothalamic area (PF-LHA) is a major wake-promoting structure. It predominantly contains neurons that are active during behavioral and cortical activation. PF-LHA stimulation produces arousal and PF-LHA lesions produce somnolence. Nitric oxide (NO) is a gaseous neurotransmitter that has been implicated in the regulation of multiple(More)
AIM Orexin/hypocretin peptides are expressed in the lateral hypothalamus and involved in the regulation of autonomic functions, energy homeostasis and arousal states. The sleep disorder narcolepsy, which is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and occurrence of sudden rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, is associated with a loss of orexin neurones. Our(More)
The basal forebrain (BF) is an important wakefulness/arousal-promoting structure involved in homeostatic responses to sleep deprivation (SD). However, the effects of SD and subsequent sleep recovery on the BF discharge have not been investigated. Multi-unit BF activity was recorded on freely moving rats during 8 h of baseline (BL) and, on the following day,(More)
During prolonged wakefulness, the concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) and adenosine (AD) increase in the basal forebrain (BF). AD inhibits neuronal activity via adenosine (A1) receptors, thus providing a potential mechanism for sleep facilitation. Although NO in the BF increases adenosine and promotes sleep, it is not clear whether the sleep promotion by NO(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the cholinergic basal forebrain (BF) during sleep deprivation (SD) is implicated in adenosine (AD) release and induction of recovery sleep. Aging is associated with impairments in sleep homeostasis, such as decrease in non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM) intensity following SD. We(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The hypocretins (HCRTs) are two hypothalamic peptides predominantly localized to neurons in the perifornical, dorsomedial, and lateral hypothalamic area (PF-LHA). Evidence suggests that HCRT signaling is critical for the promotion and stabilization of active-arousal and its loss or malfunction leads to symptoms of narcolepsy. In the PF-LHA,(More)
In urethane-anaesthetized rats the infusion of a nitric oxide (NO)-donor [NOC-18, 1 mM (DETA/NO); 2,2'-(hydroxynitrosohydrazino)bis-ethanamine)] into the basal forebrain (BF) inhibited the discharge rate of most neurones, suggesting that NO may promote sleep via inhibition of wake-promoting neurones in the BF. However, this hypothesis still needs to be(More)
The paper describes a case of appendicular metastatic involvement in breast cancer. The 60-year-old female patient developed the signs of acute appendicitis 18 years after detection of primary tumor; after appendectomy the intraoperative appendular specimens exhibited trains of tumor cells that infiltrated the mid- and lower muscle layer third.(More)