Andrey Ivankin

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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and their mimics are emerging as promising antibiotic agents. We present a library of "ampetoids" (antimicrobial peptoid oligomers) with helical structures and biomimetic sequences, several members of which have low-micromolar antimicrobial activities, similar to cationic AMPs like pexiganan. Broad-spectrum activity against six(More)
Oligomers of acylated lysines (OAKs) are synthetic mimics of host defense peptides (HDPs) with promising antimicrobial properties. Here we challenged the OAK concept for its ability to generate both systemically efficient and economically viable lead compounds for fighting multidrug-resistant bacteria. We describe the design and characterization of a(More)
We investigated the potency, selectivity, and mode of action of the oligo-acyl-lysine (OAK) NC(12)-2 beta(12), which was recently suggested to represent the shortest OAK sequence that retains nonhemolytic antibacterial properties. A growth inhibition assay against a panel of 48 bacterial strains confirmed that NC(12)-2 beta(12) exerted potent activity(More)
We report a structural study of cholesterol-DPPC (1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phophocholine) monolayers using x-ray reflectivity and grazing incidence x-ray diffraction. Reflectivity reveals that the vertical position of cholesterol relative to phospholipids strongly depends on its mole fraction (chi(CHOL)). Moreover, we find that at a broad range of(More)
The proteolytic activity and thermal stability of the enzyme complex of a cell suspension from pig and bovine pancreas glands was compared with those of pancreatin. The enzyme complex displayed the highest thermal stability and activity at 50°C. The kinetic constants, energies of activation and inactivation of the enzyme complex, and pH optimum (7.0 ± 0.1)(More)
Biomembranes undergo extensive shape changes as they perform vital cellular functions. The mechanisms by which lipids and proteins control membrane curvature remain unclear. We use x-ray reflectivity, grazing incidence x-ray diffraction, and epifluorescence microscopy to study binding of HIV-1 glycoprotein gp41's membrane-bending domain to DPPC/cholesterol(More)
Electron microscopy structural determinations suggest that the membrane-proximal external region (MPER) of glycoprotein 41 (gp41) may associate with the HIV-1 membrane interface. It is further proposed that MPER-induced disruption and/or deformation of the lipid bilayer ensue during viral fusion. However, it is predicted that the cholesterol content of this(More)
Membrane-activity of the glycoprotein 41 membrane-proximal external region (MPER) is required for HIV-1 membrane fusion. Consequently, its inhibition results in viral neutralization by the antibody 4E10. Previous studies suggested that MPER might act during fusion by locally perturbing the viral membrane, i.e., following a mechanism similar to that proposed(More)
In recent years, nanopores have emerged as exceptionally promising single-molecule sensors due to their ability to detect biomolecules at subfemtomole levels in a label-free manner. Development of a high-throughput nanopore-based biosensor requires multiplexing of nanopore measurements. Electrical detection, however, poses a challenge, as each nanopore(More)
Herein we report a novel approach for fast, label-free probing of DNA-histone interactions in individual nucleosomes. We use solid-state nanopores to unravel individual DNA/histone complexes for the first time and find that the unraveling time depends on the applied electrophoretic force, and our results are in line with previous studies that employ optical(More)