Andrey I Tchorbanov

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We have investigated the non-specific immunostimulatory and specific immunomodulatory effects of hemocyanin from marine gastropod Rapana thomasiana (RtH). The purified RtH, its structural subunits RtH1 and RtH2 and a construct with influenza virus hemagglutinin intersubunit peptide (IP) were used in immunization protocols of Balb/c mice. Antibody formation(More)
During an ongoing immune response, immune complexes, composed of Ag, complement factors, and Igs, are formed that can interact with complement receptors (CRs) and IgG Fc receptors (Fc gamma R). The role of CR1/2 and Fc gamma R in the regulation of the immune response was investigated using OVA that was chemically conjugated to whole IgG of the rat(More)
The immune system generates a specific response against most pathogens, while developing tolerance to self-antigens. Commensal micro-organisms can express molecular structures that mimic self-epitopes. During acute infection, such pathogen may activate self-reactive T-cell clones promoting autoimmunity. In the present study, a beta-mercaptoethanol cell-wall(More)
B cells producing IgG antibodies specific to a variety of self- or foreign antigens are a normal constituent of the immune system of all healthy individuals. These naturally occurring IgG antibodies are found in the serum, external secretions, and pooled human immunoglobulin preparations. They bind with low affinity to antigens, which can also be targets(More)
Natural immunoglobulin G (IgG) autoantibodies are present in the plasma of healthy individuals and, as a result, in pooled therapeutic intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) preparations. The production processes of commercial IVIg preparations involve different fractionation and virus-inactivation steps that include in some cases treatments at extreme(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a polygenic pathological disorder which involves multiple organs. Self-specific B cells play a main role in the lupus pathogenesis by generating autoantibodies as well as by serving as important autoantigen-presenting cells. Autoreactive T lymphocytes, on the other hand, are responsible for B cell activation and(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) preparations are known to modulate autoimmune/inflammatory diseases through several F(ab')(2)- and Fc-dependent mechanisms. In this study, we show that the in vitro and the in vivo exposure of B lymphocytes from lupus-prone and from healthy mice to IVIg results in an increased expression of their surface inhibitory(More)
The pathological DNA-specific B lymphocytes in lupus are logical targets for a selected therapeutic intervention. We have hypothesized that it should be possible to suppress selectively the activity of these B cells in lupus mice by administering to them an artificial molecule that cross-links their surface immunoglobulins with the inhibitory FcgammaIIb(More)
There is an urgent and unmet need for therapeutic agents targeting selectively disease-associated B-lymphocytes in autoantibody-mediated diseases. We have constructed a chimeric molecule able to cross-link cell surface immunoglobulin with the inhibitory complement receptor type 1 (CD35) on DNA-specific B cells from SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus)(More)
AIMS The chemokine receptor CXCR7 is found on glioma cells and glioma-associated vessels and dependent upon its localisation on tumour or endothelial cells the CXCR7 receptor can mediate glioma cell invasion and tumour angiogenesis. Its expression predicts survival in several types of cancers. METHODS We immunohistochemically studied the expression of(More)