Andrey A Zamyatnin

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Synthesis of cationic plastoquinone derivatives (SkQs) containing positively charged phosphonium or rhodamine moieties connected to plastoquinone by decane or pentane linkers is described. It is shown that SkQs (i) easily penetrate through planar, mitochondrial, and outer cell membranes, (ii) at low (nanomolar) concentrations, posses strong antioxidant(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD) is indispensable for eukaryotic development. In animals, PCD is executed by the caspase family of cysteine proteases. Plants do not have close homologues of caspases but possess a phylogenetically distant family of cysteine proteases named metacaspases. The cellular function of metacaspases in PCD is unknown. Here we show that(More)
We studied subcellular distribution of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged movement proteins encoded by the second and the third genes of poa semilatent hordeivirus (PSLV) triple gene block (TGB), 15K TGBp2 and 18K TGBp3. GFP-15K transiently expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana leaf epidermal cells was associated with the endomembrane system elements.(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD) is executed by proteases, which cleave diverse proteins thus modulating their biochemical and cellular functions. Proteases of the caspase family and hundreds of caspase substrates constitute a major part of the PCD degradome in animals. Plants lack close homologues of caspases, but instead possess an ancestral family of cysteine(More)
Plastoquinone, a very effective electron carrier and antioxidant of chloroplasts, was conjugated with decyltriphenylphosphonium to obtain a cation easily penetrating through membranes. This cation, called SkQ1, is specifically targeted to mitochondria by electrophoresis in the electric field formed by the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The respiratory(More)
The 63 kDa '63K' movement protein encoded by the triple gene block of poa semilatent virus (PSLV) comprises the C-terminal NTPase/helicase domain and the N-terminal extension domain, which contains two positively charged sequence motifs, A and B. In this study, the in vitro RNA-binding properties of PSLV 63K and its mutants were analysed.(More)
Full-length genomic cDNA clones of the Swedish isolate of Potato mop-top virus (PMTV) were transcribed in vitro using T7 RNA polymerase. The combination of RNA 1, 2 and 3 synthesized in the presence of m(7)GpppG cap analogue was infectious when inoculated onto Nicotiana benthamiana plants. Also, the combination of RNA 1 (encodes the viral replicase) with(More)
The subcellular localization of the hydrophobic TGBp3 protein of Poa semilatent virus (PSLV, genus Hordeivirus) was studied in transgenic plants using fluorescent microscopy to detect green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged protein and immunodetection with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) raised against the GFP-based fusion expressed in E. coli. In Western blot(More)
Complementation of movement-deficient potato virus X (PVX) coat protein (CP) mutants, namely PVX.CP-Xho lacking the 18 C-terminal amino acid residues and PVX.DeltaCP lacking the entire CP gene, was studied by transient co-expression with heterologous proteins. These data demonstrated that the potyvirus CPs and both the major and minor CPs of beet yellows(More)