Andrew Yates

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Differentiation of uncommitted T cells into Th1 and Th2 subpopulations depends on both intracellular events controlling expression of transcription factors T-bet and GATA-3 and interactions between cells mediated by cytokines, particularly IL4 and IFNgamma. A great deal is known about the intracellular and extracellular events involved in Th1 and Th2 (Th)(More)
Memory CD8 T cells, generated by natural pathogen exposure or intentional vaccination, protect the host against specific viral infections. It has long been proposed that the number of memory CD8 T cells in the host is inflexible, and that individual cells are constantly competing for limited space. Consequently, vaccines that introduce over-abundant(More)
Heterogeneity in the parameters governing the spread of infectious diseases is a common feature of real-world epidemics. It has been suggested that for pathogens with basic reproductive number R(0)>1, increasing heterogeneity makes extinction of disease more likely during the early rounds of transmission. The basic reproductive number R(0) of the introduced(More)
The Ensembl project ( is a system for genome annotation, analysis, storage and dissemination designed to facilitate the access of genomic annotation from chordates and key model organisms. It provides access to data from 87 species across our main and early access Pre! websites. This year we introduced three newly annotated species(More)
Recent experimental advances have allowed the estimation of the in vivo rates of killing of infected target cells by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). We present several refinements to a method applied previously to quantify killing of targets in the spleen using a dynamical model. We reanalyse data previously used to estimate killing rates of CTL specific for(More)
BACKGROUND The asymptomatic phase of HIV infection is characterised by a slow decline of peripheral blood CD4(+) T cells. Why this decline is slow is not understood. One potential explanation is that the low average rate of homeostatic proliferation or immune activation dictates the pace of a "runaway" decline of memory CD4(+) T cells, in which activation(More)
Quantifying cell division and death is central to many studies in the biological sciences. The fluorescent dye CFSE allows the tracking of cell division in vitro and in vivo and provides a rich source of information with which to test models of cell kinetics. Cell division and death have a stochastic component at the single-cell level, and the probabilities(More)
One of the tasks a Clinical Decision Support (CDS) system is designed to solve is retrieving the most relevant and actionable literature for a given medical case report. In this work, we present a query reformulation approach that addresses the unique formulation of case reports, making them suitable to be used on a general purpose search engine.(More)
In this work, we emphasize how to merge and re-rank contextual suggestions from the open Web based on a user‟s personal interests. We retrieve relevant results from the open Web by identifying context-independent queries, combining them with location information, and issuing the combined queries to multiple Web search engines. Our learning to rank model(More)
Ensembl Genomes ( is an integrative resource for genome-scale data from non-vertebrate species. The project exploits and extends technology (for genome annotation, analysis and dissemination) developed in the context of the (vertebrate-focused) Ensembl project and provides a complementary set of resources for non-vertebrate(More)