Andrew Wyman

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Generalized faecal peritonitis is associated with a mortality of over 50% in most series of cases. Despite great improvements in the standards of intensive care the morbidity and mortality associated with this condition have not improved, in part due to recurrent intra-abdominal sepsis. This preliminary study investigated the role of laparotomy, repeated(More)
BACKGROUND Gastric outlet obstruction secondary to chronic duodenal ulceration is an indication for surgery as conservative management with balloon dilatation frequently fails. The standard operation is truncal vagotomy and a drainage procedure. However, development of minimally invasive surgery has revolutionized the surgical approach to this clinical(More)
BACKGROUND The management of possible common bile duct (CBD) stones in patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy remains controversial. METHODS Prospective evaluation of 609 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy was carried out in relation to the use of selective preoperative ERCP for detection of common duct stones. Preoperative(More)
Early gastric cancers have been treated by endoscopic contact Nd:YAG laser irradiation. The extent of thermal damage produced by this laser system has been inadequately investigated. In an in vitro study we have shown that contact laser probes produce consistent and reproducible thermal lesions in the human stomach wall. Contact laser energies of 40 to 60(More)
The efficacy of a contact neodymium yttrium-aluminium-garnet laser scalpel was assessed during breast surgery. Forty consecutive women undergoing modified radical mastectomy were randomized to operation performed with a conventional or laser scalpel. The laser scalpel was associated with a significant reduction in mean operative blood loss (149 versus 421(More)
Sixty-six patients undergoing cholecystectomy were randomly allocated to receive either intercostal blockade with bupivacaine supplemented with papaveretum or papaveretum alone for postoperative analgesia. Both groups were similar regarding distribution of sex, age, and weight. These two groups were compared. Patients who did not have intercostal blockade(More)
The introduction of video-assisted surgery has revolutionized thoracic surgery. The main attraction is the avoidance of a large thoracotomy incision and its associated morbidity. We present the case of a 55-year-old woman with an oesophageal diverticulum presenting with troublesome dysphagia. A thoracoscopic assisted oesophageal diverticulectomy was(More)
A radiographic method for detecting excessive lung water in patients with pulmonary infiltrates of uncertain cause is described. The gravitational shift test uses bedside frontal films before and after prolonged lateral decubitus positioning. Excess lung water is identified by detecting a shift in infiltrate to the dependent lung while the opposite side(More)