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The DEAD-box RNA helicase Xp54 is an integral component of the messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) particles of Xenopus oocytes. In oocytes, several abundant proteins bind pre-mRNA transcripts to modulate nuclear export, RNA stability and translational fate. Of these, Xp54, the mRNA-masking protein FRGY2 and its activating protein kinase CK2alpha, bind to(More)
SETTING Mycobacterial galactofuran is essential to the linking of the peptidoglycan and mycolic acid cell wall layers. Galactofuran biosynthesis should thus be essential for viability. OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine the pathway of galactofuranosyl biosynthesis and to clone a gene encoding an essential enzyme necessary for its formation. DESIGN(More)
Designing new drugs that inhibit the biosynthesis of the D-arabinan moiety of the mycobacterial cell wall arabinogalactan is one important basic approach for treatment of mycobacterial diseases. However, the biosynthetic origin of the D-arabinosyl monosaccharide residues themselves is not known. To obtain information on this issue, mycobacteria growing in(More)
A protein-O-D-mannosyltransferase (PMT) assay was optimised using a microsomal membrane preparation from Candida albicans and a peptide acceptor, YNPTSV. [14C]Mannose was transferred from dolichyl phosphate [14C]mannose to the threonine or serine residues of the peptide. During the assay, the peptide was highly susceptible to proteolysis. A blocked peptide(More)
The formation of DNA three-way junction (3WJ) structures has been utilised to develop a novel isothermal nucleic acid amplification assay (SMART) for the detection of specific DNA or RNA targets. The assay consists of two oligonucleotide probes that hybridise to a specific target sequence and, only then, to each other forming a 3WJ structure. One probe(More)
Plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was tightly bound to cells of Escherichia coli at 0 degrees C in the presence of divalent cations. During incubation at 42 degrees C, 0.1 to 1% of this DNA became resistant to deoxyribonuclease. Deoxyribonuclease-resistant DNA binding and the ability to produce transformants became saturated when transformation mixtures(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the role of markers of plasma protein damage by glycation, oxidation and nitration in microalbuminuria onset or subsequent decline of glomerular filtration rate (termed "early GFR decline") in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS From the 1(st) Joslin Kidney Study, we selected 30 patients with longstanding normoalbuminuria and 55(More)
We have cloned two open reading frames (orf6 and orf8) from the Escherichia coli K-12 rfb region. The genes were expressed in E. coli under control of the T7lac promoter, producing large quantities of recombinant protein, most of which accumulated in insoluble inclusion bodies. Sufficient soluble protein was obtained, however, for use in a radiometric assay(More)
Here, we describe the application of an isothermal nucleic acid amplification assay, signal-mediated amplification of RNA technology (SMART), to detect DNA extracted from marine cyanophages known to infect unicellular cyanobacteria from the genus Synechococcus. The SMART assay is based on the target-dependent production of multiple copies of an RNA signal,(More)
A method to prepare UDP-galactofuranose (UDP-Galf) free of UDP-galactopyranose (UDP-Galp) is described. The UDP-Galf is synthesized enzymatically from UDP-Galp using the enzyme UDP-galactopyranose mutase. Treatment of UDP-Galp with the enzyme yields an equilibrium mixture of UDP-Galp and UDP-Galf in which UDP-Galf is approximately 7%. In spite of its low(More)