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A 2.91-billion base pair (bp) consensus sequence of the euchromatic portion of the human genome was generated by the whole-genome shotgun sequencing method. The 14.8-billion bp DNA sequence was generated over 9 months from 27,271,853 high-quality sequence reads (5.11-fold coverage of the genome) from both ends of plasmid clones made from the DNA of five(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to provide a contemporary picture of the presentation, etiology, and outcome of infective endocarditis (IE) in a large patient cohort from multiple locations worldwide. METHODS Prospective cohort study of 2781 adults with definite IE who were admitted to 58 hospitals in 25 countries from June 1, 2000, through September 1, 2005. (More)
The shaker-2 mouse mutation, the homolog of human DFNB3, causes deafness and circling behavior. A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) transgene from the shaker-2 critical region corrected the vestibular defects, deafness, and inner ear morphology of shaker-2 mice. An unconventional myosin gene, Myo15, was discovered by DNA sequencing of this BAC. Shaker-2(More)
PURPOSE Circulating endothelial cells (CEC) comprise at least two distinct populations: bone marrow-derived circulating endothelial progenitors (CEP) and mature CECs derived from existing vasculature. We hypothesized that antiangiogenic agents may have differential effects on CEPs and mature CECs and that these changes may serve as a marker of biological(More)
CONTEXT Prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. The contemporary clinical profile and outcome of PVE are not well defined. OBJECTIVES To describe the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and outcome of PVE, with attention to health care-associated infection, and to determine prognostic factors(More)
Mutations in myosin XV are responsible for congenital profound deafness DFNB3 in humans and deafness and vestibular defects in shaker 2 mice. By combining direct cDNA analyses with a comparison of 95.2 kb of genomic DNA sequence from human chromosome 17p11.2 and 88.4 kb from the homologous region on mouse chromosome 11, we have determined the genomic and(More)
DFNB3, a locus for nonsyndromic sensorineural recessive deafness, maps to a 3-centimorgan interval on human chromosome 17p11.2, a region that shows conserved synteny with mouse shaker-2. A human unconventional myosin gene, MYO15, was identified by combining functional and positional cloning approaches in searching for shaker-2 and DFNB3. MYO15 has at least(More)
The y-linked autoimmune accelerating (yaa) locus is a potent autoimmune disease allele. Transcription profiling of yaa-bearing B cells revealed the overexpression of a cluster of X-linked genes that included Tlr7. FISH analysis demonstrated the translocation of this segment onto the yaa chromosome. The resulting overexpression of Tlr7 increased in vitro(More)
Salmonella typhimurium purR encodes a transcriptional repressor regulating gene expression of de novo purine nucleotide biosynthesis. It represses purD gene transcription by binding to the 16-base pair purD operator (PUR box). A S. typhimurium strain carrying a super-repressing mutant of purR, purR(s), has been used as an experimental system to study(More)
BACKGROUND A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the much-debated relationship between the gene expression of programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and cancer patient prognosis. The prognostic value of measuring PD-L1 expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients was analyzed. METHODS We searched PubMed for studies about the(More)