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High Intensity Interval- vs Moderate Intensity- Training for Improving Cardiometabolic Health in Overweight or Obese Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial
It is suggested that a relatively short duration of either HIIT or MIT training may improve cardiometabolic risk factors in previously sedentary overweight or obese young men, with no clear advantage between these two specific regimes. Expand
Belief beyond the evidence: using the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity to show 2 practices that distort scientific evidence.
The prevalence of RLPV and BRR in research about the proposition that skipping breakfast causes weight gain is investigated, which is called the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity (PEBO) in this article. Expand
Analysis of the time and workers needed to conduct systematic reviews of medical interventions using data from the PROSPERO registry
Objectives To summarise logistical aspects of recently completed systematic reviews that were registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) registry toExpand
Myths, presumptions, and facts about obesity.
False and scientifically unsupported beliefs about obesity are pervasive in both scientific literature and the popular press and are relevant for the formulation of sound public health, policy, or clinical recommendations. Expand
Reproducibility: A tragedy of errors
A group of researchers working on obesity, nutrition and energetics read a research paper estimating how a change in fast-food consumption would affect children’s weight, and one of them noted that the analysis applied a mathematical model that overestimated effects by more than tenfold. Expand
Weighing the Evidence of Common Beliefs in Obesity Research
Nine myths and 10 presumptions surrounding the effects of rapid weight loss and the “Freshman 15” are presented and suggestions for limiting the spread of these and other unsubstantiated beliefs about the obesity domain are suggested. Expand
Increased fruit and vegetable intake has no discernible effect on weight loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Recommendations to increase F/V consumption to treat or prevent obesity without explicitly combining this approach with efforts to reduce intake of other energy sources is unwarranted. Expand
Randomization to Randomization Probability: Estimating Treatment Effects Under Actual Conditions of Use
An experimental design, randomization to randomization probabilities (R2R), is proposed, which significantly improves estimates of treatment effects under actual conditions of use by manipulating participant expectations about receiving treatment. Expand
Goals in Nutrition Science 2015–2020
This work aims to provide arobust information about the human microbiome and its role in obesity through a variety of avenues, including basic and clinical studies, as well as qualitative and quantitative studies. Expand
Unscientific beliefs about scientific topics in nutrition.
Accumulated work illustrating and quantifying potentially misleading practices in the conduct and, more so, reporting of nutrition science along with proposed approaches to amelioration are discussed. Expand