Andrew W. Shyjan

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We have identified a novel cDNA encoding a protein highly homologous to the mammalian brown fat uncoupling protein (UCP). Unlike the known UCP, which is expressed specifically in brown adipose tissue, the UCP homolog (UCPH) mRNA is expressed in a variety of tissues, with predominant expression in human white adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. In the white(More)
We have used differential cDNA display to search for genes whose expression correlates with an aggressive phenotype in variants of the B16 murine melanoma line, B16-F1 and B16-F10. This analysis identified a novel gene, termed melastatin, that is expressed at high levels in poorly metastatic variants of B16 melanoma and at much reduced levels in highly(More)
We have developed a panel of antibodies specific for the alpha 1, alpha 2, alpha 3, and beta subunits of the rat Na,K-ATPase. TrpE-alpha subunit isoform fusion proteins were used to generate three antisera, each of which reacted specifically with a distinct alpha subunit isotype. Western blot analysis of rat tissue microsomes revealed that alpha 1 subunits(More)
We have analyzed the expression pattern of Na,K-ATPase alpha and beta subunit isoforms within the rodent and primate central nervous system. Membrane fractions prepared from rat cerebral cortical type-1 astrocytes and rat cerebellar granule and hippocampal neurons were characterized by immunoblot analyses using a panel of alpha and beta subunit(More)
We have used immunoblotting and biochemical techniques to analyze expression of Na+,K(+)-ATPase alpha and beta subunits in rat pineal glands. Western blot analysis of pineal microsomal membrane fractions with antisera specific for each of the three rat alpha and two rat beta subunits revealed similar levels of expression of alpha 1 and alpha 3 subunits in(More)
Rtg1p is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae that is required for basal and regulated expression of CIT2, the gene encoding a peroxisomal isoform of citrate synthase. In respiratory incompetent rho degree petite cells, CIT2 transcription is elevated as much as 30-fold compared with respiratory competent rho +(More)
We recently described a novel gene, melastatin, whose expression is inversely correlated with melanoma aggressiveness. Chromosomal localization of this gene places it on mouse chromosome 7 and in the 15q13-q14 region of the human genome. Although expression patterns and chromosomal localization in the mouse are consistent with involvement of melastatin(More)
We have used a cloned fusion protein as antigen to generate an antiserum specific for the rat Na,K-ATPase beta 2 subunit. Utilizing this antiserum, we analyzed some of the structural features and tissue distribution of the beta 2 subunit. Treatment of a rat brain microsomal membrane fraction with N-glycanase F revealed that the beta 2 subunit is composed of(More)
Na,K-ATPase plays a central role in the visual sensitivity of photoreceptors by driving the dark current of vision. The alpha 3 and beta 2 isoforms of Na,K-ATPase were previously shown to be the major alpha and beta subunit mRNAs expressed in photoreceptors. Here we compared the distribution of beta-subunits of the enzyme in the retina and kidney, using(More)
The splicing factor SPF45 (RBM17) is frequently overexpressed in many solid tumors, and stable expression in HeLa cells confers resistance to doxorubicin and vincristine. In this study, we characterized stable transfectants of A2780 ovarian carcinoma cells. In a 3-day cytotoxicity assay, human SPF45 overexpression conferred 3- to 21-fold resistance to(More)