Andrew W Nichols

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BACKGROUND The potent anti-inflammatory pharmacologic effects of the corticosteroids (cortisone and synthetic derivatives) has led to their extensive usage in the management of rheumatologic diseases and athletic musculoskeletal injuries. The efficacy and risks of locally injected or systemically administered corticosteroids in the treatment of athletic(More)
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) results from compression of the neurovascular structures that pass through the thoracic outlet. TOS may be classified as neurogenic TOS (NTOS), venous TOS (VTOS), or arterial TOS (ATOS). NTOS presents with upper-extremity symptoms attributable to compression of the brachial plexus. VTOS, also known as Paget-Schröetter(More)
  • A W Nichols
  • The Journal of the American Board of Family…
  • 1989
Achilles tendinitis is an injury that commonly affects athletes in the running and jumping sports. It results from repetitive eccentric load-induced microtrauma that stresses the peritendinous structures causing inflammation. Achilles tendinitis may be classified histologically as peritendinitis, tendinosis, or partial tendon rupture. Training errors are(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify sports medicine-related clinical trial research articles in the PubMed MEDLINE database published between 1996 and 2005 and conduct a review and analysis of topics of research, experimental designs, journals of publication and the internationality of authorships. HYPOTHESIS Sports medicine research is international in scope with(More)
Both the physiological role of muscarinic receptors for bladder function and the therapeutic efficacy of antimuscarinic agents for overactive bladder syndrome are well documented. We investigated the effect of antimuscarinic agents with different subtype selectivity on urodynamic parameters in nonhuman primates and rodents and compared plasma levels of(More)
In this article the authors describe and present an evaluation of the Arizona Medical Student Exchange Program of the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education. The program is designed to help defray the cost that an Arizona student faces in attending an out-of-state medical school by paying, in the student's behalf, the difference between the(More)
BACKGROUND Increases in arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) in response to intermittent hypoxic exposure (IHE) are well established. However, IHE protocols have historically involved static hypoxic environments. The effect of a dynamic hypoxic environment on SaO2 is not known. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of dynamic IHE(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence and types of provider-delivered complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) used by intercollegiate student athletes attending a Division I NCAA University. DESIGN AND SETTING Survey methodology within a group of intercollegiate student athletes at a Division I NCAA university during the(More)
This article discusses a number of medical conditions that are common to aquatic athletes. Exercise-induced asthma is particularly prevalent in swimmers because swimming is among the activities tolerated best by asthmatics. The healthcare professional frequently must evaluate and manage respiratory infections and infectious mononucleosis in swimmers,(More)
  • A W Nichols
  • The Journal of the American Board of Family…
  • 1996
BACKGROUND The array of symptoms that characterize thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) often lead to a failure or delay in diagnosing this condition in persons who are physically active. METHODS Using the key words and phrases "thoracic outlet syndrome," "sport," "exercise," and "athlete," the MEDLINE files from 1991 to April 1996 were searched. Articles(More)