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We have calculated the minimum requirements for effective therapy using intravenously administered, tumour-directed antibodies labelled with either iodine 131 or yttrium 90. A lethally large amount of either radionuclide would be required to achieve tumour destruction. At least a 10-fold increase in tumour uptake is necessary to combine tumour destruction(More)
Translocations involving the MLL gene at 11q23 are a frequent finding in therapy-related leukemia and are concentrated within a short, 8.3-kb tract of DNA, the breakpoint cluster region. In addition, a specific site adjacent to exon 12 within this region of MLL is cleaved in cells undergoing apoptosis. We show here, using human TK6 lymphoblastoid cells,(More)
Current techniques for examining the global creation and repair of DNA double-strand breaks are restricted in their sensitivity, and such techniques mask any site-dependent variations in breakage and repair rate or fidelity. We present here a system for analyzing the fate of documented DNA breaks, using the MLL gene as an example, through application of(More)
PURPOSE Despite its common use as an indicator of apoptosis, little is known about the mechanisms controlling apoptotic DNA fragmentation in irradiated cells. This review discusses the pathways of chromatin fragmentation, and the role of both nucleases and chromatin structure in this process. DEFINITIONS DNA fragmentation linked to apoptosis is a(More)
The anti-CD20 mAb rituximab is central to the treatment of B-cell malignancies, but resistance remains a significant problem. We recently reported that resistance could be explained, in part, by internalization of rituximab (type I anti-CD20) from the surface of certain B-cell malignancies, thus limiting engagement of natural effectors and increasing mAb(More)
Rearrangements of the MLL gene involve multiple partners and are implicated in both therapy related acute leukemia [tAL] and infant acute leukemia. For these diseases, recently compiled clinical data confirms an elevated frequency of such breakpoints within a 4 kb tract between exon 11 and a region of structural instability adjacent to exon 12. Linked(More)
Mycoplasma infection may lead to various pathologies in a broad range of hosts. It has been shown that Mycoplasma may trigger cell death in cell cultures; however, the mechanism remains unknown. In the present paper we show that Mycoplasma infection of different lymphocyte and epithelial tumour cell lines leads to the inhibition of proliferation, and(More)
SIRT3 is a key NAD+-dependent protein deacetylase in the mitochondria of mammalian cells, functioning to prevent cell aging and transformation via regulation of mitochondrial metabolic homeostasis. However, SIRT3 is also found to express in some human tumors; its role in these SIRT3-expressing tumor cells needs to be elucidated. This study demonstrated that(More)
BACKGROUND Carcinoma of the true vocal cord represents the earliest clinically recognizable invasive malignancy in the head and neck region and provides a unique model for studying possible prognostic genetic markers. The aim of this study was to determine whether p53 overexpression correlated with tumor recurrence in a homogenous population of patients(More)