Andrew T. Thliveris

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In previous studies demonstrating the polyclonal structure of familial intestinal adenomas, high tumor multiplicity made it difficult to eliminate the possibility that polyclonality arose by the random collision of distinct initiated clones as opposed to some form of clonal interaction. We sought to test further the random collision hypothesis. Chimeric(More)
Previous studies have shown that intestinal tumors from Apc(Min)(/+) (Min) mice and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients are often polyclonal. We sought to determine whether polyclonality is unique to tumors arising from hereditary predispositions or, instead, is a common feature of intestinal tumorigenesis in other pathways to tumorigenesis.(More)
Intestinal tumors from mice and humans can have a polyclonal origin. Statistical analyses indicate that the best explanation for this source of intratumoral heterogeneity is the presence of interactions among multiple progenitors. We sought to better understand the nature of these interactions. An initial progenitor could recruit others by facilitating the(More)
The random collision hypothesis is a mathematical idealization of intestinal tumor formation that can account for the polyclonal origin of tumors without requiring a mechanistic description of clonal interaction. Using data from recent polyclonality studies in mice, we develop a statistical procedure to test the random collision hypothesis. Elements from(More)
Stem cells share many properties with malignant cells, such as the ability to self-renew and proliferate. Cancer is believed to be a disease of stem cells. The gastrointestinal tract has high cancer prevalence partly because of rapid epithelial cell turnover and exposure to dietary toxins. The molecular pathways of carcinogenesis differ according to the(More)
The gene-trap lacZ reporter insertion, ROSA11, in the Cbx5 mouse gene illuminates the regulatory complexity of this locus in Apc(Min) (/+) mice. The insertion site of the β-Geo gene-trap element lies in the 24-kb intron proximal to the coding region of Cbx5. Transcript analysis indicates that two promoters for Cbx5 flank this insertion site. Heterozygotes(More)
A widely accepted paradigm in the field of cancer biology is that solid tumors are uni-ancestral being derived from a single founder and its descendants. However, data have been steadily accruing that indicate early tumors in mice and humans can have a multi-ancestral origin in which an initiated primogenitor facilitates the transformation of neighboring(More)
Microsatellite instability (MSI) occurs in over 90% of Lynch syndrome cancers and is considered a hallmark of the disease. MSI is an early event in colon tumor development, but screening polyps for MSI remains controversial because of reduced sensitivity compared to more advanced neoplasms. To increase sensitivity, we investigated the use of a novel type of(More)
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