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DNA from 61 unrelated patients with adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) was examined for mutations in three genes (DP1, SRP19, and DP2.5) located within a 100 kb region deleted in two of the patients. The intron-exon boundary sequences were defined for each of these genes, and single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of exons from DP2.5 identified four(More)
To test the reliability of linkage-disequilibrium analysis for gene mapping, we compared physical distance and linkage disequilibrium among seven polymorphisms in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) region on chromosome 5. Three of them lie within the APC gene, and two lie within the nearby MCC (mutated in colon cancer) gene. One polymorphism lies between(More)
In previous studies demonstrating the polyclonal structure of familial intestinal adenomas, high tumor multiplicity made it difficult to eliminate the possibility that polyclonality arose by the random collision of distinct initiated clones as opposed to some form of clonal interaction. We sought to test further the random collision hypothesis. Chimeric(More)
An attenuated form of familial adenomatous polyposis coli, AAPC, causes relatively few colonic polyps, but still carries a significant risk of colon cancer. The mutant alleles responsible for this attenuated phenotype have been mapped in several families to the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) locus on human chromosome 5q. Four distinct mutations in the APC(More)
Small (100-260 kb), nested deletions were characterized in DNA from two unrelated patients with familial adenomatous polyposis coli (APC). Three candidate genes located within the deleted region were ascertained and a previous candidate gene, MCC, was shown to be located outside the deleted region. One of the new genes contained sequence identical to SRP19,(More)
Screening of fetal brain and fetal retina complementary DNA (cDNA) libraries and exon-connection experiments using brain cDNA have identified three exons 5' to exon 1 of the adenomatous polyposis coli gene. The exons are termed (from 5'-3') 0.3, 0.1, and 0.2; exons 0.1 and 0.2 are contiguous genomically. Library screening revealed alternatively spliced(More)
The APC gene, mutations in which are responsible for the inherited colon cancer syndrome adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), is described as a tumor suppressor gene. A full-length, wild-type APC gene was introduced by transfection into three human colon carcinoma cell lines, each characterized for mutations at loci involved in colon tumor formation. The(More)
Previous studies have shown that intestinal tumors from Apc(Min)(/+) (Min) mice and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients are often polyclonal. We sought to determine whether polyclonality is unique to tumors arising from hereditary predispositions or, instead, is a common feature of intestinal tumorigenesis in other pathways to tumorigenesis.(More)
Samples of constitutional DNA from 60 unrelated patients with adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) were examined for mutations in the APC gene. Five inactivating mutations were observed among 12 individuals with APC; all were different from the six inactivating mutations previously reported in this panel of patients. The newly discovered mutations included(More)
To analyze the DNA binding domain of E coli LexA repressor and to test whether the repressor binds as a dimer to DNA, negative dominant lexA mutations affecting the binding domain have been isolated. A large number of amino acid substitutions between amino acid positions 39 and 46 were introduced using cassette mutagenesis. Mutants defective in DNA binding(More)